Can Chinese help me learn Korean?

chinese-characters-a-radical-approachRumbling under the surface is the suspicion that at some point going to need to learn some Chinese to help me with Korean.  Of course, the first thing I want is a book, a dictionary, and a game!

“Frustrated in your study of Korean? Learn the Chinese Characters through their component radicals and incredibly fast you can increase your knowledge of Korean! Did you know that about 70% of Korean words are based on Chinese Characters? ”

The first problem is I have no idea how to “see” Chinese characters.  I have no way to analyze how big the strokes are or in what order they were drawn or how I could reproduce them.  I have no way to store these random hen scratches in my brain.

I’m left with simply no idea how to start.

one

man

chinese ‘man, people’ for Korean word 인

Chinese character 인 in Naver

Chinese character 인 in Naver

List of 214 Chinese Radicals

Chinese characters can be decomposed into components called radicals or bushou. The most commonly accepted table of radicals for traditional Chinese characters consists of 214 entries.

Radical Pin­yin English Name
yi1 one
gun3 line
zhu3 dot
丿 pie3 slash
yi4 second
jue2 hook
er4 two
tou2 lid
ren2 man
er2 legs
ru4 enter
ba1 eight
jiong3 down box
mi4 over
bing1 ice
ji1 table
qu3 open box
dao1 knife
li4 power
bao1 wrap
bi3 spoon
fang1 right open box
xi3 hiding enclo­sure
shi2 ten
bu3 mysti­cism
jie2 seal
han4 cliff
si1 private
you4 again
kou3 mouth
wei2 enclo­sure
tu3 earth
shi4 scholar
zhi3 (top) go
sui1 (bot­tom) go slowly
xi4 evening
da4 big
nü3 woman
zi3 child
mian2 roof
cun4 inch
xiao3 small
wang1 lame
shi1 corpse
che4 sprout
shan1 moun­tain
chuan1 river
gong1 work
ji3 oneself
jin1 turban
gan1 dry
yao1 short thread
广 yan3 dotted cliff
yin3 long stride
gong3 two hands
yi4 shoot
gong1 bow
ji4 snout
shan1 bristle
chi4 step
xin1 heart
ge1 halberd
hu4 door
shou3 hand
zhi1 branch
pu1 rap
wen2 script
dou3 dipper
jin1 axe
fang1 square
wu2 not
ri4 sun
yue1 say
yue4 moon
mu4 tree
qian4 lack
zhi3 stop
dai3 death
shu1 weapon
mu2 do not
bi3 compare
mao2 fur
shi4 clan
qi4 steam
shui3 water
huo3 fire
zhao3 claw
fu4 father
yao2 double x
pan2, qiang2 half tree trunk
pian4 slice
ya2 fang
niu2 cow
quan3 dog
xuan2 pro­found
yu4 jade
gua1 melon
wa3 tile
gan1 sweet
sheng1 life
yong4 use
tian2 field
pi3 bolt of cloth
chuang2 sick­ness
bo4 dotted tent
bai2 white
pi2 skin
min3 dish
mu4 eye
mao2 spear
shi3 arrow
shi2 stone
shi4 spirit
rou3 track
he2 grain
xue4 cave
li4 stand
zhu2 bamboo
mi3 rice
mi4 silk
fou3 jar
wang3 net
yang2 sheep
yu3 feather
lao3 old
er2 and
lei3 plow
er3 ear
yu4 brush
rou4 meat
chen2 minis­ter
zi4 self
zhi4 arrive
jiu4 mortar
she2 tongue
chuan3 oppose
zhou1 boat
gen4 stop­ping
se4 color
cao3 grass
hu1 tiger
chong2 insect
xue3 blood
xing2 walk enclo­sure
yi1 clothes
ya4 west
jian4 see
jue2 horn
yan2 speech
gu3 valley
dou4 bean
shi3 pig
zhi4 badger
bei4 shell
chi4 red
zou3 run
zu2 foot
shen1 body
che1 cart
xin1 bitter
chen2 morning
chuo4 walk
yi4 city
you3 wine
bian4 distin­guish
li3 village
jin1 gold
chang2 long
men2 gate
fu4 mound
dai4 slave
zhui1 short tailed bird
yu3 rain
qing1 blue
fei1 wrong
mian4 face
ge2 leather
wei2 tanned leather
jiu3 leek
yin1 sound
ye4 leaf
feng1 wind
fei1 fly
shi2 eat
shou3 head
xiang1 fragrant
ma3 horse
gu3 bone
gao1 tall
biao1 hair
dou4 fight
chang4 sacri­ficial wine
li4 caul­dron
gui3 ghost
yu2 fish
niao3 bird
lu3 salt
鹿 lu4 deer
mai4 wheat
ma2 hemp
huang2 yellow
shu3 millet
hei1 black
zhi3 embroi­dery
min3 frog
ding3 tripod
gu3 drum
shu3 rat
bi2 nose
qi2 even
chi3 tooth
long2 dragon
gui1 turtle
yue4 flute

 

From Hanja – Wikipediea:

Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. More specifically, it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language with Korean pronunciation. Hanja-mal 한자말 or hanja-eo (한자어, 漢字語) refers to words which can be written with hanja, and hanmun (한문漢文) refers to Classical Chinese writing.  Today, a good working knowledge of Chinese characters is still important for anyone who wishes to study older texts (up to about the 1990s).  Learning a certain number of hanja is very helpful to understanding the etymology of Sinokorean words, and to enlarging one’s Korean vocabulary.

It was not until the 20th century that hangul truly replaced hanja.

To distinguish a character from other characters with the same pronunciation, school textbooks refer to each character with a combination of its sound and a word indicating its meaning. This dual meaning-sound reading of a character is called eumhun (음훈; 音訓; from  “sound” + “meaning,” “teaching”).

In South Korean schools,  1,800 hanja are taught.

Two distinct hanja words (hanjaeo) may be spelled identically in the phonetic hangul alphabet. Thus, hanja are often appear  in parentheses to clarify meaning.  Hanja 辛 (sin or shin, meaning sour or hot) appears prominently on packages of Shin Ramyun noodles.

FluentKorean lessons on Hanja:


 

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2 Responses to Can Chinese help me learn Korean?

  1. sweetangel says:

    Hanja can help you learn Korean better ^^

    Like

  2. Pingback: Hanja Direction, Location | Hanguk Babble

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