Today’s Date

8:o0 AM, Tuesday, July 22, 2015, I have an appointment.

In Korean this will be expressed as: 이천십오년 칠월  이십이일 화요일, 오전 여덟시.  Literally this translates to:

  • 이천십오년 – 2015
  • 칠월 이십이일 – July 22 day
  • 화요일 – Tuesday
  • 오전 여덟시 – AM 8 o’clock

I covered telling time (flashcards Memrise).

 

Early and Late Morning

Chulmoon my pen pal sent me this:

Early morning : 이른 아침
이른 means little bit early than normal.
Basic verbal form is 이르다.
이른 is adjective form as you know about ‘ㄴ’.

Late evening : 늦은 저녁
늦은 is little bit late than normal.
Basic verbal form is 늦다.
늦은 is adjective form as above is.

 

Adjectives

Ryan from Mindpasta explained there are two types of adjective in Korean.

Basic word : when the adjective use as end word
1. 00+답다
2. 00+다

and they turn out like this below when the adjective use as noun modifier.

1. 00+답다 to 00+다운
2. 00+다 to 00+ㄴ

And we also have participles like verb + ing or verb + ed in English
See this
Verb : 타다 (burn)
Participle(~ing) : 타는 (burnning)
Participle(~ed) : 탄 (burned) + noun

Sentence Patterns

1.  hour 예요.   It is 1:00 o’clock.

2.  (오전 AM/오후 PM) hour  minute  second 

3.  Day이에요.  It’s Day.

4.  Season이에요.  It’s season.

5. month , day 일이에요.  It is month day.

5. 오늘은 이천십오 , month , day 일이에요Today is month day, 2015.

[My blanket apology for aesthetically unappealing color combinations.  I picked 12 colors that will show up on most devices to represent various parts of speech.
noun 명사 verb 동사 adjective 형용사  adverb 부사 pronoun 대명사 preposition conjunction접속어  determiner 관형사 interjection 감탄사 number 수사 counting unit particle 조사]

 

Sample Sentences

목요일이에요. It’s Thursday.
봄이에요. It’s spring.
오늘은 이천십사 년, 오 월, 십삼 일이에요. Today is May 13, 2014.
오늘은 십이월 십칠 일이에요. Today is December 17.
Days of Week
일요일 Sunday
월요일 Monday
화요일 Tuesday
수요일 Wednesday
목요일 Thursday
금요일 Friday
토요일 Saturday

For years, put the Sino-Korean number in front of 년 [nyeon ‘year’] For months,  put the Sino-Korean number in front of 월 [weol ‘month’].  For days, put the Sino-Korean number in front of  일 [il ‘day of month’].

Year/ Months / Day
이천십오 년 2015
일월, 이월, 삼월, 사월, 오월, 유월, 칠월, 팔월, 구월, 시월, 십일월, 십이월 January – December
일일, 이일, 삼일 1, 2, 3 (day)
주말 weekend

Grammar Note: Capitalize days of the week, months, holidays 휴일. Do not capitalize seasons (spring, summer, fall, autumn, winter) in English.

Pronunciation Note:  유월 (“June”) and 시월 (“October”)

Seasons
spring
여름 summer
가을 autumn
겨울 winter

 

Grammar note:  I’m still puzzling my way through figuring out about

 

Parts of Speech – AM/PM and o’clock

Question:  What part of speech is PM?

Answer:  PM is Latin post meridiem for ‘after midday’.  PM is a prepositional phrase that serves as an adjective modifying the noun ‘hours’ (which may be absent from the sentence but is implied: 6 PM = 6 hours after midday).

Question:  What part of speech is ‘today’?

Answer:  If it’s like this: Today is a great day.
In this sentence today is being used as a subject, so it’s a noun.
But sometimes it can be an adverb:
it is raining today.
In this sentence, today is expressing when something happened, so it’s an adverb.

Question:  What parts of speech are ‘ approximately five o’clock’?

Answer:  o’clock was originally of the clock, which was gradually shortened to the modern form.

Analyze the parts of speech as follows:

by(preposition) [approximately five o’clock](phrasal object of preposition)
approximately(adverb modifying the adjective five)
five(adjective) hours(noun, unstated) [of the clock](prepositional phrase modifying hours)
of(preposition) the(article) clock(noun, object of the preposition of)

 

Refer to Wikipedia for info about ordinal and cardinal numbers

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One Response to Today’s Date

  1. Pingback: Days of Week | Hanguk Babble

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