8:o0 AM, Tuesday, July 22, 2015, I have an appointment.
In Korean this will be expressed as: 이천십오년 칠월 이십이일 화요일, 오전 여덟시. Literally this translates to:
- 이천십오년 – 2015
- 칠월 이십이일 – July 22 day
- 화요일 – Tuesday
- 오전 여덟시 – AM 8 o’clock
Early and Late Morning
Chulmoon my pen pal sent me this:
Early morning : 이른 아침
이른 means little bit early than normal.
Basic verbal form is 이르다.
이른 is adjective form as you know about ‘ㄴ’.
Late evening : 늦은 저녁
늦은 is little bit late than normal.
Basic verbal form is 늦다.
늦은 is adjective form as above is.
Ryan from Mindpasta explained there are two types of adjective in Korean.
Basic word : when the adjective use as end word
and they turn out like this below when the adjective use as noun modifier.
1. 00+답다 to 00+다운
2. 00+다 to 00+ㄴ
And we also have participles like verb + ing or verb + ed in English
Verb : 타다 (burn)
Participle(~ing) : 타는 (burnning)
Participle(~ed) : 탄 (burned) + noun
1. hour 시예요. It is 1:00 o’clock.
2. (오전 AM/오후 PM) hour 시 minute 분 second 초
3. Day이에요. It’s Day.
4. Season이에요. It’s season.
5. month 월, day일 일이에요. It is month day.
5. 오늘은 이천십오 년, month 월, day일 일이에요. Today is month day, 2015.
[My blanket apology for aesthetically unappealing color combinations. I picked 12 colors that will show up on most devices to represent various parts of speech.
noun 명사 verb 동사 adjective 형용사 adverb 부사 pronoun 대명사 preposition conjunction접속어 determiner 관형사 interjection 감탄사 number 수사 counting unit particle 조사]
|오늘은 이천십사 년, 오 월, 십삼 일이에요.||Today is May 13, 2014.|
|오늘은 십이월 십칠 일이에요.||Today is December 17.|
|Days of Week|
For years, put the Sino-Korean number in front of 년 [nyeon ‘year’] For months, put the Sino-Korean number in front of 월 [weol ‘month’]. For days, put the Sino-Korean number in front of 일 [il ‘day of month’].
|Year/ Months / Day|
|일월, 이월, 삼월, 사월, 오월, 유월, 칠월, 팔월, 구월, 시월, 십일월, 십이월||January – December|
|일일, 이일, 삼일||1, 2, 3 (day)|
Grammar Note: Capitalize days of the week, months, holidays 휴일. Do not capitalize seasons (spring, summer, fall, autumn, winter) in English.
Pronunciation Note: 유월 (“June”) and 시월 (“October”)
Grammar note: I’m still puzzling my way through figuring out about
- 조사 (particles)
- 어미 (verb endings)
- 지시어 (demonstratives)
- 접속어 (conjunctions)
- 접두어 (prefixes)
- 접미어 (suffixes)
Parts of Speech – AM/PM and o’clock
Question: What part of speech is PM?
Answer: PM is Latin post meridiem for ‘after midday’. PM is a prepositional phrase that serves as an adjective modifying the noun ‘hours’ (which may be absent from the sentence but is implied: 6 PM = 6 hours after midday).
Question: What part of speech is ‘today’?
Answer: If it’s like this: Today is a great day.
In this sentence today is being used as a subject, so it’s a noun.
But sometimes it can be an adverb:
it is raining today.
In this sentence, today is expressing when something happened, so it’s an adverb.
Question: What parts of speech are ‘ approximately five o’clock’?
Answer: o’clock was originally of the clock, which was gradually shortened to the modern form.
Analyze the parts of speech as follows:
by(preposition) [approximately five o’clock](phrasal object of preposition)
approximately(adverb modifying the adjective five)
five(adjective) hours(noun, unstated) [of the clock](prepositional phrase modifying hours)
of(preposition) the(article) clock(noun, object of the preposition of)
Refer to Wikipedia for info about ordinal and cardinal numbers