Korean Prepositions

preposition

Korean prepositions link nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. The word or phrase that the preposition introduces is called the object of the preposition.

2014-09-30_16.26.26[1]I learned prepositions for location from my first Korean textbook “Read and Speak Korean”.  It was fun looking for all the places where the mice were.  안, 위, 밑, 앞, 뒤, 옆.

Actually, let me try to be a bit more precise.  I get confused on what terminology to use for grammar.  In English, we have prepositions.  In Korean, there are particles which act like English prepositions.  They are sometimes referred to as postpostitions because they attach to their objects.

The money is in the purse.
돈이 지갑 있어요.

“in the purse” is  지갑 plus 에 the particle that means ‘to’, ‘at’, ‘in’ (time, direction, location).

There was something my tutor said in our first session that I have been chewing on.  “Postposition are used after every single word group”.  I have puzzled over how sometimes 은/는 or 이/가 are not attached to every word but only the last word in a word group.  What constitutes a “word group” is something I am still working on.  It kind of makes sense if you are listing a series of things “apples, oranges, pears” that the particle only gets put on the last item in that list.  If I am going “to my big fat greek wedding” then ‘to’ is attaching to the word group “my big fat greek wedding”.

 

Here are some prepositions/particles:

English Prepositions Korean Prepositions
about ~에 대한/~에 관한
above ~보다 위에/~보다 많은
across 건너서/가로질러
after 뒤에/후에
against ~반대하여/대조적으로
among ~가운데/사이에
around 주위에
as ~처럼/~로써
at ~으로/~에
before 전에/앞에
behind 뒤에/뒤떨어져
below ~보다 아래에
beneath 아래에/밑에
beside 옆에
between 사이에
beyond 저편에/너머
but 그러나/하지만
by ~로써/에 의해
despite 에도 불구하고
down 아래로
during 동안
except 제외하고
for 를 위해/~의
from 부터
in ~에/~에서
inside 안/내부에
into ~으로
near 에서 가까이/약
next 다음
of ~의
on (위)에
opposite 맞은편에
out 바깥쪽에/~에서 멀리
outside 겉에/외부에
over 위에
per 각/~에 대하여/~당
plus 더하기/또한
round ~을 돌아/~을 빙 돌아
since 이후/이래
than 보다
through 를 통해
till ~까지
to
toward 향하여
under 아래에
unlike ~와 다른/~와 달리
until 까지
up 위로/위쪽으로
via 경우하여/통해
with ~와 함께/~로
within 이내에/안에
without 없이
two words 두 단어
according to ~에 따라
because of ~때문에
close to 아주 가까이에서
due to ~때문에
except for ~을 제외하고/~이 없으면
far from ~멀리/~와 거리가 먼
inside of ~안에/~내부에
instead of ~대신
near to ~에 가까운/거의~한
next to 바로옆에/다음에
outside of ~바깥쪽에/~의 밖에
prior to ~에 앞서/먼저
three words 세 단어
as far as ~까지
as well as 마찬가지로/게다가
in addition to ~일 뿐 아니라
in front of ~의 앞쪽에(앞에)
in spite of …에도 불구하고
on behalf of ~대신(대표)하여
on top of ~위에
demonstratives 지시 전치사
this 이것
that 그것
these 이것들
those 그것들

I might be the only one who needs to review English grammar while learning Korean, but if you too want Grammaropolis, you can purchase it for $20 lifetime subscription or $4/month.  I like having Action Verb superhero help me, but then I am just a big kid at heart.

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