그 Conjunction Confusion

I get these words confused: 그래, 그래서, 그러나, 그리고, and 그런데.
confusing words

I’ve heard these words on Korean dramas many times.  I have seen the words on the 1000 Most Frequent Korean words list.  Yet, I can’t keep it straight in my head.  I suspect there is some kind of conjugating and contraction magic happening that I don’t understand yet.

[접속사  Conjunction, 감탄사 Interjection]

그래  Yes / Alright / Okay

그래서  (and) so / therefore / accordingly / consequently  thus / for that [this] reason / on that account [score]

그러나 but, though, however, nevertheless
그런데 well (when changing the topic 화제를 바꿀 때), by the way, but, however
그렇지만 anyways

그리고  And

lets eat

Question:  Have you eaten?  밥 먹었어요?

Answer 1:  I ate, so I’m full.  밥 먹었 배 불러요.

Answer 2: I ate, but I am hungry. 밥 먹었는 배 고파요.

Answer 3: I eat, and I drink beer.  밥 먹어요.  그리고 맥주 마셔요.

I ate a lot of food, however I am hungry.  밥을 많이 먹었어요. 그런데 배가 고파요.

Well, then?  어, 그래서? 그런데?  My perception of these words are the stalling technique conversational words while pausing to think how to respond.  Someone says something, and the other person responds 그래서? which the subtitles show as “well …”  or “is that so?”  It all seems to be intonation that determines meaning.  I use 그래 and 그래서 without having a full mapping back to an English word.  I might have it all wrong.  Please correct me if I do.

connie_conjunction

What part of speech is Okay?

“OK” is a word denoting approval, acceptance, agreement, assent, or acknowledgment.

As an adjective, “okay” means “adequate,” “acceptable” (“this is okay to send out”), “mediocre” often in contrast to “good” (“the food was okay”); it also functions as an adverb in this sense. As an interjection, it can denote compliance (“Okay, I will do that”), or agreement (“Okay, that’s good”). As a verb and noun it means “assent” (“The boss okayed the purchase,” and, “The boss gave his okay to the purchase.”) As a versatile discourse marker, it can also be used with appropriate voice tone to show doubt or to seek confirmation (“Okay?” or “Is that okay?”).

Color Key: noun = 명사 red, pronoun =대명사 navy, number = 수사 lime, action verb = 동사 orange, descriptive verb/adjective = 형용사 blue, adverb = 부사 fuschia, determiner = 관형사 coral, exclamation/interjection = 감탄사 teal, particle = 주사 purplecounting unit=greenconjunction = 접숙사 brown

coordinating_conjunction.

Do you think I can become a citizen of Grammaropolis?  🙂  Clearly, I am a big fan.

conjunction_butconjunction_andconjunction_soconjunction_wellconjunction_stillconjugation_because

Please note: I am just learning.  This is what I understand so far, but I probably made mistakes.  By writing in a blog, it gives my Korean teachers and mentors a chance to see what I wrote and correct me.  I am doing my best.  🙂  Refer to other sources to be sure it is the right Korean grammar information.

Thanks to Bae Sohyun and Kim Dohwan for helping me sort through my confusion.  한국말 어려워요.  Korean language IS difficult, for me, at this time.

Oyes conjugation_korean_difficult

One more note. In English, we use a conjunction to join two words, phrases, or clauses. In Korean, verbs can be conjugated with -고, -나, -만 to give (verb)+and/or/but.  This can be done for both action verbs (to go) and descriptive verbs (to be pretty).
conjunction_verb_conjugation

conjunction_and_hago

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2 Responses to 그 Conjunction Confusion

  1. Evita says:

    I don’t know where you saw “먹었서” but it’s not correct, you may not add 서 after the past suffix. The correct form is 먹어서. Examples:

    밥 먹어서 TV를 봤어요. – I ate and then watched some TV.
    밥 먹어서 TV를 볼 거예요. – I will eat and then watch some TV.
    밥 먹어서 뭐 할 거예요? – What will you do after eating?
    집에 가서 공부를 많이 했어요. – I went home and studied a lot.

    Liked by 1 person

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