Pronunciation practice

I am working on pronunciation with my italki tutor Jun Woojae.

One rule that I read about a long time ago but sort of ignored because I wasn’t speaking back then is this:

ㄱ,ㄷ,ㅂ,ㅈ when in front of the word pronounced as k(ㅋ),t(ㅌ),p(ㅍ),ts(ㅊ)

I am not sure how to express sound in writing.  Although I usually avoid Romanization, for this exception I will try to express the sounds with English letters.

  • 자다 – chata, not jada – to sleep
  • 주다- chuta, not juda – to give
  • 제 – che – counter for ordinal Sino-Korean numbers (1st, 2nd, 3rd, … series)
  • 가끔 – kaggeum – now and then, occasionally, sometimes
  • 귀엽다 – kwiyeopda – to be cute, charming, adorable
  • 귀여운 소년 – kwiyeoun sonyeon – dear boy
  • 그리고 – keurigo – and, and then
  • 그래도 – keuraedo – nevertheless, even so
  • 그는 – keuneun – he
  • 그저 – keujeo – only, just
  • 곳이나 – kotina – anywhere
  • 둘 – tul, not dul – two
  • 두다 – tuta, not duda – to put, place, set, position
  • 되다 – toeda, not dwida – to be, become
  • 다른 – tareun – different, another
  • 다시 – tashi – again

What about ㄸ at the start of a word?  Is it a strong D sound?

  • 또 (again, once more), 따다 (to pick, to pluck)

I do not know how to express this rule with IPA.  It is probably some of these IPA symbols:

Korean consonants

IPA Hangul RR
b ㅂ b
d ㄷ d
dʑ ㅈ j
ɡ ㄱ g
k ㄱ, ㅋ g, k
k͈ ㄲ kk
kʰ ㅋ, ㅎㄱ k
m ㅁ, ㅂ m
n ㄴ, ㄹ,ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ n
p ㅂ, ㅍ b, p
p͈ ㅃ pp
pʰ ㅍ, ㅎㅂ p
t ㄷ,ㄷ, ㅌ, ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅊ d t
t͈ ㄸ tt
tʰ ㅌ, ㅎㄷ t
tɕ ㅈ j
tɕ͈ ㅉ jj
tɕʰ ㅊ, ㅎㅈ ch

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