Hanja for Cimi: 日 sun and 時 time

時 time 시

I was studying the Memrise 1000 Most Frequent Words list, and struggling to remember the word 당시 (dangshi) 當時 which means ‘At that time, then’.  I made this flashcard about being stuck in the “dang” sea.   

I noticed that part of the Hanja 當時 was  時 (시).  시 has several meanings, but one of them is ‘time’.  If you look closely, you will see 日sun is part of the character.  The other part explains what it sounds like.

031120-N-6477M-501

hanjatime

I learn a new word – Pictophonetic.  I see there is a simplified form, which should make Cimi happy.  Korean hanja uses the traditional character, but since Cimi is only interested in the Chinese, she can use the simplified form 時 .

hanjatimestrokes

At 7 strokes, it is one of the more complicated Chinese characters we have done so far, but when you factor in that we already learned how to draw sun, it makes only 3 more strokes to learn.

We haven’t looked at sentences in Chinese yet, so here is one sample sentence.

  • 钟用来计
    A clock measures time.

My eyes cross and brain overloads looking at this sentence.  I’ll stick with the much simpler 시 ‘time’ in Korean.

clockmeansurestime

Cimi asked me what the Chinese character for ‘Sunday’ would be.  In Korean, that is  일요일.  Would the Chinese be similar?  I have no clue, remember I don’t know any Chinese, but I looked in the YellowBridge dictionary and found this.  The last one (associated with Chinese astronomy) looks similar to 일요일.  

sundaychinese

Check out Days of Week in Chinese.  Turns out there are different ways the Chinese refer to days of the week.  One is based on naming of the days after the Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn (sun, moon, fire, water, wood, gold, earth).

Chineasy week

‘seven luminaries’ went as follows:

Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
日曜日 月曜日 火曜日 水曜日 木曜日 金曜日 土曜日

These names largely disappeared in China but were never forgotten in Korea.

The modern Chinese names for the days of the week are based on a simple numerical sequence. The word for ‘week’ is followed by a number indicating the day.  (Mandarin)

Using 周, the days of the week in Chinese are:

Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
周日 周一 周二 周三 周四 周五 周六
‘cycle day’ ‘cycle one’ ‘cycle two’ ‘cycle three’ ‘cycle four’ ‘cycle five’ ‘cycle six’

See 1 一 2 二 3 三 4 四 5 五 6 六.

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One Response to Hanja for Cimi: 日 sun and 時 time

  1. Cimi says:

    I find this to be rather scientifically philosophical and enlightening.

    Liked by 1 person

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