時 time 시
I was studying the Memrise 1000 Most Frequent Words list, and struggling to remember the word 당시 (dangshi) 當時 which means ‘At that time, then’. I made this flashcard about being stuck in the “dang” sea.
I noticed that part of the Hanja 當時 was 時 (시). 시 has several meanings, but one of them is ‘time’. If you look closely, you will see 日sun is part of the character. The other part explains what it sounds like.
I learn a new word – Pictophonetic. I see there is a simplified form, which should make Cimi happy. Korean hanja uses the traditional character, but since Cimi is only interested in the Chinese, she can use the simplified form 時 .
At 7 strokes, it is one of the more complicated Chinese characters we have done so far, but when you factor in that we already learned how to draw sun, it makes only 3 more strokes to learn.
We haven’t looked at sentences in Chinese yet, so here is one sample sentence.
A clock measures time.
My eyes cross and brain overloads looking at this sentence. I’ll stick with the much simpler 시 ‘time’ in Korean.
Cimi asked me what the Chinese character for ‘Sunday’ would be. In Korean, that is 일요일. Would the Chinese be similar? I have no clue, remember I don’t know any Chinese, but I looked in the YellowBridge dictionary and found this. The last one (associated with Chinese astronomy) looks similar to 일요일.
Check out Days of Week in Chinese. Turns out there are different ways the Chinese refer to days of the week. One is based on naming of the days after the Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn (sun, moon, fire, water, wood, gold, earth).
‘seven luminaries’ went as follows:
These names largely disappeared in China but were never forgotten in Korea.
The modern Chinese names for the days of the week are based on a simple numerical sequence. The word for ‘week’ is followed by a number indicating the day. (Mandarin)
Using 周, the days of the week in Chinese are:
|‘cycle day’||‘cycle one’||‘cycle two’||‘cycle three’||‘cycle four’||‘cycle five’||‘cycle six’|
See 1 一 2 二 3 三 4 四 5 五 6 六.