Hanja 주

Hanja 주(週)

My friend Cimi is going to China next year. I promised her I would send her one Hanja character a week.

mountain

peace 평화

 person 사람, 인

mouth

eat 먹다, 식사

tree 나무

woman, girl 여

sun, day 일

time

moon

fire

water 물, 수분, 용수

gold

soil 토양

Korean-Hanja-wallpaper

1600 x 900 wallpaper of Hanja vocabulary

Numbers 1 – 10

1 One 일

2 Two 이

3 Three 삼

4

5 오

6 육

7 칠

8

9 구

10 Ten 십

Months:

一月 January 일월

二月 February 이월

三月 March 삼월

四月 April 사월

五月 May 오월

六月 June 유월 *

七月 July칠월

八月 August 팔월

九月 September 구월

十月 October 시월 *

十一月 November 십일월

十二月 December 십이월

Days of Week

‘seven luminaries’ based on naming of the days after the Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn (sun, moon, fire, water, wood, gold, earth) went as follows:

Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
日曜日 月曜日 火曜日 水曜日 木曜日 金曜日 土曜日
일요일 월요일 화요일 수요일 목요일 금요일 토요일

Using 周, the days of the week in Chinese are:

Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
周日 周一 周二 周三 周四 周五 周六

spring

stone

Buddhism

hand

brook 천, river 강

door

rest

spoon, ladle 작

field

center

letter, character 자

air 풍 바람

wine 주

to be 이다

heart  심

people  민

eternal  영

sky  천

taste  맛

apple 사과

Hanja 한자 漢字

Note Hanja is not the same as Chinese, however Cimi and I are both Korean drama fans dabbling with learning a bit of Korean, so this weekly habit should help us both. I’ve had fun watching FT Island Hangul Live with Cimi. Doing something together with someone else is motivating.

For more information, see
Hanja Flashcards
Character Strokes
Direction, Location, Numbers, Days of Week, Time
Glossika Hanja
Typing Hanja
Sun, Moon, Plants, Calendar
Being afraid of a single line
Calligraphy variations and Zen
I am unwise. Why I am learning hanja
Learning hanja from a Korean teacher
The Floating Lantern Hanja Blog
Handwriting Chinese Letters
Brush pens and hanja
1800 Basic Chinese Characters learned by Korean children
Chineasy
Let’s Korean: Hanja Break
Restaurant conversation about Korean and Chinese
Korean writing systems before Hangul
Dictionary skills
Korean provinces
Can Chinese help me learn Korean?
Chinese pictographs app, Fangirl’s 10 Hanja videos, Chinese Numbers, Days of WeekFluentKorean’s Hanja lessons which also has a list of the 214 Chinese radicals.
Chinese characters aren’t as scary as you think

Glossika and the 1000 Most Common Korean Words flashcards as well as Naver dictionary all show Hanja.  I bought the book “Useful Chinese Characters for Learners of Korean” and refer to the Hanja appendix in “Tuttle’s Learner’s Korean-English Dictionary”.

The Korean Wiki Project lists the Hanja by levels.  50 Hanja for the total beginner seems a good place to start. 🙂

Hanja English Definition Korean name of character
the king 임금 왕
nine 아홉 구
Japan,Japanese a day 해 일
eight 여덟 팔
ten 열 십
father 아비 부
西 West 서녘 서
East 동녘 동
water 물 수
Korean,Korea 한국 한
North or 달아날 배 to flee, run away 북녘 북
older brother 형 형
blue or 젊은 청 young 푸를 청
white 흰 백
배우다: to learn 배울 학
first,before 먼저 선
of the people, the common people 백성 민
a month/the moon 달 월
seven 일곱 칠
six 여섯 륙
a woman 여자 녀
a person 사람 인
fire 불 화
four 넉 사
gold or 쇠 금 [쇠: metal] or 돈 금 [ 돈: money 금 금
five 다섯 오
earth,ground 흙 토
a joint, a knuckle or, a degree of kinship removal 마디 촌
the outside, besides 바깥 외
a gate, a door 문 문
One 한 일
three 석 삼
a year 해 년
만: ten thousand 일만 만
country 나라 국
younger brother 아우 제
school 학교 교
a room 방 실
the army 군사 군
나다: to come about, to be born or 살 생 살다: to live 날 생
가르치다: to teach 가르칠 교
small in size 적을 소
the middle 가운데 중
big 클 대
two 두 이
mother 어미 모
South 남녘 남
a mountain 산 산 or 뫼 산
wood, a tree 나무 목
길다: to be long 어른 장 an adult, an elderly person 길 장

차 茶 Tea

Chinese-radicals-wallpaper

List of 214 Chinese Radicals

Chinese characters can be decomposed into components called radicals or bushou. The most commonly accepted table of radicals for traditional Chinese characters consists of 214 entries.

Chinese Radical Table
Radical No. Radical English Pinyin
Strokes 1
1 one
2 line shù
3 dot diǎn
4 丿 slash piě
5 second
6 hook gōu
Strokes 2
7 two èr
8 lid tóu
9 person rén
10 legs ér
11 enter
12 eight
13 down box jiǒng
14 cover
15 ice bīng
16 table ,
17 open box
18 knife dāo
19 power
20 wrap bāo
21 ladle
22 right open box fāng
23 hiding enclosure
24 ten shí
25 divination
26 seal jié
27 cliff hàn
28 private
29 again yòu
149 speech yán
Strokes 3
30 mouth kǒu
31 enclosure wéi
32 earth
33 scholar shì
34 go zhī
35 go slowly suī
36 night
37 big
38 woman
39 child
40 roof gài
41 inch cùn
42 small xiǎo
43 lame yóu
44 corpse shī
45 sprout chè
46 mountain shān
47 river chuān
48 work gōng
49 oneself
50 towel jīn
51 dry gān
52 thread yāo
53 广 shelter guǎng
54 stride yǐn
55 hands joined gǒng
56 shoot with a bow
57 bow gōng
58 snout
59 hair shān
60 step chì
94 dog quǎn
120 silk
140 grass cǎo
162 walk chuò
169 gate mén
184 eat shí
187 horse
Strokes 4
61 heart xīn
62 spear
63 door
64 hand shǒu
65 branch zhī
66 rap
67 script wén
68 dipper dǒu
69 axe jīn
70 square fāng
71 not
72 sun
73 say yuē
74 moon yuè
75 tree
76 lack qiàn
77 stop zhǐ
78 death dǎi
79 weapon shū
80 mother
81 compare
82 fur máo
83 clan shì
84 steam
85 water shuǐ
86 fire huǒ
87 claw zhǎo
88 father
89 lines on a trigram yáo
90 half of a tree trunk qiáng
91 slice piàn
92 tooth
93 cow niú
114 track róu
147 see jiàn
154 shell bèi
159 cart chē
168 long cháng
178 soft leather wěi
182 wind fēng
Strokes 5
183 fly fēi
95 profound xuán
96 jade
97 melon guā
98 tile
99 sweet gān
100 life shēng
101 use yòng
102 field tián
103 cloth
104 ill bìng
105 foot steps
106 white bái
107 skin
108 dish mǐn
109 eye
110 spear máo
111 arrow shǐ
112 stone shí
113 spirit shì
115 grain
116 cave xuè
117 stand
167 metal jīn
196 bird niǎo
212 dragon lóng
Strokes 6
118 bamboo zhú
119 rice
121 jar fǒu
122 net wǎng
123 sheep yáng
124 feather
125 old lǎo
126 and ér
127 plow lěi
128 ear ěr
129 brush
130 meat ròu
131 minister chén
132 oneself
133 arrive zhì
134 mortar jiù
135 tongue shé
136 contrary chuǎn
137 boat zhōu
138 mountain gèn
139 color
141 tiger
142 insect chóng
143 blood xuě
144 walk xíng
145 clothes
146 西 west
181 page
210 even
Strokes 7
148 horn jiǎo
150 valley
151 bean dòu
152 pig shǐ
153 badger zhì
155 red chì
156 walk zǒu
157 foot
158 body shēn
160 bitter xīn
161 morning chén
163 city
164 wine yǒu
165 distinguish biàn
166 village
197 salty
199 wheat mài
213 turtle guī
Strokes 8
170 mound
171 slave
172 short-tailed bird zhuī
173 rain
174 blue qīng
175 wrong fēi
195 fish
205 frog mǐn
211 齿 tooth chǐ
Strokes 9
176 face miàn
177 leather
179 leek jiǔ
180 sound yīn
185 head shǒu
186 fragrant xiāng
188 bone
194 ghost guǐ
Strokes 10
189 high gāo
190 long hair biāo
191 fight dòu
192 sacrificial wine chàng
193 cauldron
Strokes 11
198 鹿 deer
200 hemp
201 yellow huáng
Strokes 12
202 millet shǔ
203 black hēi
204 embroidery zhǐ
206 tripod dǐng
Strokes 13
207 drum
208 rat shǔ
Strokes 14
209 nose
Strokes 17
214 flute yuè

chineseradicals

100 Most Frequently Used Characters grouped by categories

Categories:

Related to farming:
土 tǔ earth
田 tián field
里 lǐ village
People found very good earth 土 tǔ for farming and decided to grow crops. The field 田 tián nourished many people and they build a village 里 lǐ next to it.

Related to human
人 or 亻rén human
女 nǚ woman
子 zǐ child
口 kǒu mouth
心 xīn heart
手 shǒu hand
又 yòu right hand
目mù eye
足 zú foot
尸 shī corpse
寸 cùn thumb or inch
儿 ér human legs
舌 shé tongue
皮 pí skin
耳 ěr ear

Related to human activity:
讠yán speech
辶 chuò walk
攵 pū knock
彳chì small steps
工 gōng work
饣shí eat
欠 qiàn yawn
立 lì stand
艮 gěn stopping
止 zhǐ stop
走 zǒu run
辛 xīn bitter
夂 zhī go
见 jiàn see
勹 bāo embrace

Related to appearance:
力 lì power
大 dà big
衤yī clothes
巾 jīn turban
士 shì scholar
小 xiǎo small

Related to house or household
纟sī silk
钅jīn gold
刂 dāo knife
宀 gài roof
厶 sī private
阝 yì mound
车 chē cart
门 mén gate
斤 jīn axe
亠 tóu lid
王 wáng jewel
冖 mì cover
皿 mǐn dish
礻shì sign
戈 gē spear
几 jǐ table
殳 shū weapon
酉 yǒu wine
弓 gōng bow
户 hù door
舟 zhōu boat
匕 bǐ spoon
卩 jié seal
罒 wǎng net

Related to space/area/nature etc:
日 rì sun
月 yuè moon
氵shuǐ water
火 huǒ fire
石 shí stone
山 shān mountain
方 fāng square
穴 xué cave
雨 yǔ rain
干 gān dry
夕 xī evening
阝yì city
囗 wéi enclosure

Plants:
木 mù tree
艹 cǎo grass
禾 hé grain
⺮ zhú bamboo
页yè leaf
米 mǐ rice

Related to animals
贝bèi shell
犭quǎn dog
虫 chóng insect
马 mǎ horse
隹 zhuī bird
羊 yáng sheep
牜niú cow
鸟 niǎo bird
羽 yǔ feather

Numbers:
一 yī one
八 bā eight
十 shí ten

Colours:
白 bái white
青 qīng green or blue

Other:
广 guǎng house on cliff
冫bīng ice
疒 nì sickness
厂 chǎng cliff

Meanings of Chinese line drawings

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2 Responses to Hanja 주

  1. Pingback: About Hanguk Babble – Links to my favorite resources | Hanguk Babble

  2. Cimi says:

    Hello Julia ~ Well, I haven’t made it to China thus far. However, I appreciate the effort you have put into introducing Hanja in your blog and have sent me. It is fascinating and fun! Hope all is well.

    Like

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