Yeon Grammar

Korean: A Comprehensive Grammar (Yeon & Brown)

Table of Contents

google book version

1. Introduction to the Korean Language
1.1 Characteristic Features of Korean
1.1.1 Word Classes
1.1.2 Word Order: Korean is an SOV language Flexible word order The Postpositional Characteristic of Korean The Position of Complements Interrogative Word Order
1.1.3 An Intricate system of honorific categories
1.1.4 Korean as an elliptical language
1.2 Korean Script and Pronunciation
1.2.1 Basic principles of Hangul writing Letter Names and Dictionary Order Writing Syllabically
1.2.2 Hangul Pronunciation Guide Simple Vowels Y-Vowels W-Vowels The Compound Vowels 의 Basic Consonants Aspirated Consonants Tensed or ‘Double’ Consonants
1.2.3 Pronunciation Changes Pronunciation of Syllable-final Consonants Simplification of Consonant Clusters Re-Syllabification Nasal Assimilation Assimilation between ㄹ and ㄴ Assimilation of ㄹ to ㄴ after Nasal Consonants Palatalisation of ㄷ and ㅌ ㄴ addition ㅎ reduction Aspiration Reinforcement

1.3 Korean Terms of Address
1.3.1 Korean Names
1.3.2 Korean Titles
1.3.3 Kinship terms
1.3.4 How to address someone in Korean Addressing Intimates of Similar Age Addressing Intimates of Older Age Addressing Elders and Notable Superiors Addressing Non-Intimates and Strangers Addressing Notable Subordinates and Children

2. Nouns, Nominal Forms, Pronouns and Numbers
2.1 Nouns
2.1.1 Lack of Articles, Number and Gender Lack of Articles Lack of Number Lack of Gender
2.1.2 Bound/Dependent Nouns 것, 겸, 곳, 김, 대로, 덕분, 데, 동안, 둥, 듯, 때, 때문, 리, 무렵, 바,
뿐, 수, 적, 줄, 중/도중, 지, 쪽, 채

2.2 Nominal Forms
2.2.1 Nominal Form -이
2.2.2 Nominal Form -개/-게
2.2.3 Nominal Form -기
2.2.4 Sentence Patterns with -기 -기나름이- (‘depending …’) -기때문에 (‘because…’) -기/게마련이- (‘be bound to…’) -기시작하- (‘start…’) -기십상이- (‘it is easy to …’) -기위하- (‘in order to’) -기일쑤이- (‘be apt to …’) -기전 (‘before …’) -기짝이없- (‘very …’) -기나하- (‘just …’) -기는 (‘no way’) -기는하- (‘indeed…’) -기(는) 커녕 (‘far from …’) -기도하- )(‘also …’) -기만하- (‘only …’) -기로하- (‘decide to …’) -기로되- (‘be supposed to…’) -기를/길바라- (‘hope …’) -기에 (‘upon, because …’) -기에따라 (‘depending on …’)
2.2.5 Nominal Form -음
2.2.6 Using -(으)ㄴ/는것 to create Nominal Form
2.3. Pronouns
2.3.1 Personal Pronouns First Person Pronoun Second Person Pronouns Third Person Pronouns
2.3.2 Demonstrative Pronouns
2.3.3 Reflexives and Reciprocals
2.3.4 Question Pronouns (Wh-words)

2.4 Korean Numbers and Counting
2.4.1 Pure Korean and Sino-Korean Numbers
2.4.2 Which System to Use
2.4.3 Sentence Patterns with Numbers
2.4.4 Counting and Naming Periods of Time Years Months Weeks Days Telling the Time Telling the Date

3. Particles
3.1 Defining Particles
3.2 Case Particles
3.2.1 The Subject Particle 이/가
3.2.2 The Object Particle 을/를
3.2.3 The Possessive Particle 의
3.2.4 Particles of Movement and Location 에 에다(가)에서 에게/한테 에게서/한테서 (으)로부터 (으)로하여금
3.2.5 Instrumental Particles (으)로 (으)로서 (으)로써
3.2.6 Comitative Particles 과/와 하고 (이)랑
3.2.7 Vocative Particle 아/야

3.3 Special Particles
3.3.1 The Plural Particle 들
3.3.2 Particles of Topic and Focus 은/는 (the topic particle) (이)야 (‘if it’s …’) (이)야말로 (‘indeed’)
3.3.3 Particles of Extent 만 (‘only’) 뿐 (‘only’) 밖에 (‘except for’) 부터 (‘from’) 까지 (‘up until’) 도 (‘also’, ‘even’) 조차 (‘even’) 마저 (‘even’) 커녕 (‘far from’)
3.3.4 Particles of Frequency 마다 (‘every’) 씩 (‘apiece’)
3.3.5 Particles of Approximation and Optionali쇼 쯤 (‘about’) (이)나 (‘about’, ‘or’, ‘just’)
3.3.6 Particles of Comparison and Contrast 처럼 (‘like’) 같이 (‘like’) 만큼 (‘as
… as’) 보다 (‘more than’) 따라 (‘unusually’) 대로 (‘in accordance with’)

4. Verbs
4.1 Characteristics of Korean Verbs
4.1.1 Types of Verbs: Processive and Descriptive
4.1.2 Types of Verbs:

– Verbs
4.1.3 Types of Verbs: Negative Verbs
4.1.4 Types of Verbs: The Copula (Equational Verb)
4.1.5 Verb Bases
4.1.6 The Infinitive Form
4.1.7 The Dictionary Form
4.1.8 Attaching Verb Endings
4.2 Negatives
4.2.1 Short Negatives with
안 and

4.2.2 Long Negatives with -지않- and -지못하-
4.2.3 Negative Commands and Proposals with -지말-
4.2.4 Expressions that Require Negative Verbs
4.3 Hearer Honorifics: Speech Styles
4.3.1 Introducing the Concept of Honorifics
4.3.2 The Korean Speech Styles System
4.3.3 The Polite Style
4.3.4 The Formal Style
4.3.5 The Intimate Style
– Panmal Style
4.3.6 The Plain Style
4.3.7 Familiar Style
4.3.8 Semi-formal Style
4.4 Referent Honorifics
4.4.1 Subject Honorifics The Subject Honorific Marker-(으)시- Verbs with Special Subject Honorific Forms Subject Honorific Particle -께서
4.4.2 Object Honorifics Verbs with Special Object Honorific Forms Object Honorific Particle-께
4.4.3 Honorific Nouns
4.4.4 Putting the Honorifics System Together
4.5 Tense and Aspect
4.5.1 Past Tenses Simple Past-았/었- Past-Past-았/었었- Observed or Perceived Past Tense-더-
4.5.2 Future Tenses겠- -(으)ㄹ거- -(으)ㄹ게 -(으)려고하- Summary of Korean Futures
4.5.3 Continuous Tense Continuous States with -아/어있- Continuous Actions with -고있-
4.6 Derived Verbs: Passives, Causatives and Others
4.6.1 Passives Derived Passive Verbs Passives with 되- Passives with other support verbs Passives with -아/어지-
4.6.2 Causatives Derived Causative Verbs Causatives with -게하- Causatives with -도록하- Causatives with 시키-

4.6.3 Transforming Descriptive Verbs into Processive Verbs Forming Processive Verbs with -지- Forming Processive Verbs with -하-
5. Auxiliary (Support) Verbs
5.1 Auxiliary Verbs with -(아/어)
5.1.1 -(아/어) 가- (ongoing activity “away”)
5.1.2 -(아/어) 오- (ongoing activity “towards”)
5.1.3 -(아/어) 내- (finish, achieve)
5.1.4 -(아/어) 놓- (do all the way)
5.1.5 -(아/어) 두-(do for future reference)
5.1.6 -(아/어) 대- (do repeatedly)
5.1.7 -(아/어) 버리- (do completely for regret or relief)
5.1.8 -(아/어) 보- (try doing)
5.1.9 -(아/어) 보이- (seem)
5.1.10 -(아/어) 빠지- (lapse into a negative state)
5.1.11 -(아/어) 쌓- (do repeatedly)
5.1.12 -(아/어) 주- (perform a favour)
5.1.13 -(아/어) 치우- (do rashly)
5.2 Auxiliary Verbs with -(아/어)다
5.2.1 -다보- (after trying doing)
5.2.2 -다주- (run an errand)
5.3 Auxiliary Verbs with -고
5.3.1 -고나- (after finishing)
5.3.2 -고말- (end up)
5.3.3 -고보- (do and then realize)
5.3.4 -고싶- (want to do)

5.4 Auxiliary Verbs with -(으)ㄹ까
5.4.1 -ㄹ까보- (think it might)
5.4.2 -ㄹ까싶- (afraid it might)
5.4.3 -ㄹ까하- (think of doing)
5.5 Auxiliary Verbs with -나/ㄴ가

5.5.1-나/ㄴ가보- (look like)
5.5.2-나/ㄴ가싶- (think it might)
5.6 Auxiliaries with-게
5.6.1-게되- (turn out so that)
5.6.2-게보이- (seem)
5.7 Auxiliary Verb with
-(어/아) 야
5.7.1-(어/아)야하-/되- (must, have to)


6. Clausal Connectives
6.1. Causal Connectives
6.1.1 -(아/어)서
6.1.2 -아/어
6.1.3 -(으)니까
6.1.4 -(으)니
6.1.5 -(으)ㄹ테니까
6.1.6 -(으)므로
6.1.7 -길래
6.1.8 -느라고
6.1.9 -더니 and
6.1.10 -(으)ㄹ라
6.2 Contrastive Connectives
6.2.1 -지만
6.2.2 -(으)나
6.2.3 -(으)나마나
6.2.4 -(으)되
6.2.5 -(아/어)도 -(아/어)도 in permissive constructions Don‘t have to
… with -지않아도 Idiomatic -(아/어)
도 expressions
6.2.6 더라도
6.2.7 -고도
6.2.8 -(아/어)서라도
6.2.9 -(으)ㄴ들
6.2.10 -(으)ㄹ지라도
6.2.12 -(으)ㄹ망정
6.2.13 -거늘
6.2.14 -느니
6.2.15 -아/어봤자
6.3 Additional and Sequential Connectives
6.3.1 -고
6.3.2 -고서
6.3.3 -고나-
6.3.4 -어가지고
6.3.5 -거니와
6.3.6 -(으)면서
6.3.7 -(으)며
6.3.8 -자마자
6.3.9 -다(가)
6.3.10 -(으)ㄴ/는데

6.3.11 -(으)ㄹ텐데
6.4 Optional Connectives
6.4.1 -거나
6.4.2 -든지
6.4.3 -(으)ㄴ지 in Oblique Questions
6.4.4 -(으)ㄹ지 in Oblique Questions
6.4.5 -(으)ㄹ락말락 (하-)
6.5 Conditional Connectives
6.5.1 -(으)면 -(았/었)으면좋- -으면고맙겠- -(았/었)으면하- -(으)면되- -(으)면안되- -지않으면안되-/안…면안되-
6.5.2 -디면/-라면
6.5.3 -(으)려면
6.5.4 -다(가) 보면
6.5.5 -(았/었)더라면
6.5.6 -거든
6.5.7 -(아/어)야
6.5.7 -(아/어)야되/하-
6.5.8 -(어/아)서야
6.5.9 -(으)면…-(으)ㄹ수록
6.6. Causative Connectives
6.6.1 -게
6.6.2 -게끔
6.6.3 -도록
6.7 Intentive Connectives
6.7.1 -(으)러
6.7.2 -(으)려(고)
6.7.3 -고자
6.8 Comparison Connectives
6.8.1 -듯이
6.8.2 -다시피

7. Modifiers
7.1 Modifying Forms
7.1.1 Future/Prospective Modifier -(으)ㄹ
7.1.2 Dynamic Modifier -는
7.1.3 State/Result Modifier -(으)ㄴ
7.1.4 The Retrospective Modifier -던
7.1.5 The Past Retrospective Modifier -(았/었)던
7.1.6 The Past Prospective modifier -(았/었)을
7.2 Sentence Patterns with Modifier Clauses
7.2.1 modifier + 것 (‘the fact that …’)
7.2.2 modifier + 것같- (‘it seems that …’)
7.2.3 -(으)ㄹ겸 (‘with the combined purpose of …’)
7.2.4 -(으)ㄹ계획 (‘plan to…’)
7.2.5 -(으)ㄴ|는김에 (‘as long as you’re at it’)


(에) (‘on the way to…’)
7.2.7-(으)ㄴ다음에, 뒤에, 후에 (‘after…’)
7.2.8-는|-(으)ㄴ대로 (‘in accordance with’)
7.2.9-는동안/사이에 (‘while …’)
7.2.10-(으)ㄹ|-는|-(으)ㄴ둥 (‘may or may not’)
7.2.11-(으)ㄹ|-는|-(으)ㄴ듯 (‘just like’)
7.2.12-(으)ㄹ|-는|-(으)ㄴ듯하-/듯싶- (‘seems like’)
7.2.13-(으)ㄹ때 (‘when…’)
7.2.14-(으)ㄹ리없- (‘no way that…’)
7.2.15-(으)ㄹ만하- (‘worth…’)
7.2.16-(으)ㄹ|-는|- (으)ㄴ모양이- (seems like)
7.2.17-(으)ㄹ바에(는/야) (‘rather… than’)
7.2.18-(으)ㄴ는바람에 (‘because of…’)
7.2.19-(으)ㄴ|는반면(에) (‘on the other hand’)
7.2.20-(으)ㄹ뻔하- (‘nearly…’)
7.2.21-(으)ㄹ뿐 (‘only’)
7.2.22-(으)ㄹ수있-/없- (‘can/cannot…’)
7.2.23-(으)ㄴ|는이상(에(는)) (‘since’; ‘unless’)
7.2.24-(으)ㄴ|-는일/적이있-/없- (‘ever/never’)
7.2.25-(으)ㄹ정도로 (‘to the extent that…’)
7.2.26-(으)ㄹ|-는|-(으)ㄴ줄 알-
/모르- (‘thinks/knows…’)
7.2.27-는중에/도중에 (‘in the middle of…’)
7.2.28-는중이- (‘is in the middle of…’)
7.2.29-(으)ㄴ지 (‘… since’)
7.2.30-(으)ㄴ채(로) (‘as it is’)
7.2.31-는척하- (‘pretend’)
7.2.32-(으)ㄴ|-는통에 (‘because of’)
7.2.33-(으)ㄴ|는한- (‘as much as’)
8. Sentence Endings
8.1-고말고 (of course…)
8.2-거든 (‘it’s because’, ‘you see’)
8.3-나?/-(으)ㄴ가? (dubitative interrogative)
-(는)구먼 (exclamations)
8.5-네 (mild exclamations)
8.6-담 (disapproval)
8.7-(으)ㄹ걸 (inferences, regrets)
8.8-(으)ㄹ게 (promise-like futures)
8.9-(으)ㄹ까? (suggestions, tentative questions)
8.10-(으)ㄹ래 (feel like)
8.11-(으)ㄹ텐데 (I’m afraid)
8.12-(으)련마는/-(으)련만 (will, would)
8.13 -(으)렴/-(으)려무나 (permission-like suggestion)
8.14-(으)마(promise-like futures)
8.15-잖아 (you know)
8.16-지 (tag questions)
9. Quotations
9.1 Direct quotations
9.2 Indirect quotations

9.2.1 Quoted statements
9.2.2 Quoted questions
9.2.3 Quoted suggestions
9.2.4 Quoted commands
9.2.5 The verb 주- in quoted commands
9.2.6 Quoting Verbs
9.3 Reduced indirect quotations in reported speech
9.3.1 -다고, -냐고, -라고, -자고
9.3.2 -대, -냬, -래, -재
9.4 Special patterns with indirect quotations
9.4.1 -다/냐/자/라니(까)
9.4.2 -다/라면
9.4.3 -다/라면서
9.4.4 -다는데
9.4.5 -이라는
9.4.6 -단말이-
10. Other Word Classes
10.1 Adnouns
10.2 Adverbs
10.3 Prefixes and Suffixes
10.3.1 Prefixes
10.3.2 Suffixes Noun-deriving Suffixes Adverb-deriving Suffixes Verb-deriving Suffixes Adnominal Suffix -적

Glossary of Linguistic Terms
Related Readings and Bibliography
Index of Grammatical Constructions (Korean)
Index of Translation Equivalents (English)
General Index


The paper version of this book is available for purchase $65.


Korean: A Comprehensive Grammar is a complete reference guide to Korean grammar.

It presents a thorough yet accessible overview of the language, concentrating on the real patterns of use in modern Korean. The book moves from the alphabet and pronunciation through morphology and word classes to a detailed analysis of sentence structures and semantic features such as aspect, tense, speech styles and negation.

Avoiding complex grammatical terminology, the Grammar provides practical information regarding how these grammatical patterns are used in real-world conversation. Through the provision of realistic and lively examples, the book presents readers with Korean grammatical patterns in context.

An extensive index and numbered sections provide readers with easy access to the information they require.

Features include:

detailed treatment of the common grammatical structures and parts of speech clear, jargon-free explanations extensive and wide-ranging use of examples particular attention to areas of confusion and difficulty
Korean-English parallels highlighted throughout.
The depth and range of Korean: A Comprehensive Grammar makes it an essential reference source for the learner and user of Korean irrespective of level. For the beginner, the book offers clear explanations of essential basic grammar points while for the more advanced learner it provides detailed descriptions of less frequent grammatical patterns.
Jaehoon Yeon is Reader in Korean and Chair of the Centre for Korean Studies at SOAS, University of London.

Lucien Brown is a Research Fellow in the Centre of Korean studies at SOAS, The University of London.

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781136840296
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis, Inc.
  • Publication date: 1/15/2011
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble

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