Topics covered in Korean Digital Academy Class 13.
- Review of KDA Class 12. Vocabulary, conjugation of hada verb, do you do something well?
- Adverb 또
These are notes I’ve taken on class 13. It covers __
KDA Class 13 – Level 2
|Korean||English||Part of Speech|
|놀다||to play||verb 동사|
|싫다||to not like/hate||verb 동사|
|싫어하다||to not like/hate||verb 동사|
|요리하다||to cook||verb 동사|
|보다||to see||verb 동사|
|먹다||to eat||verb 동사|
|이번||this (time)||adverb 부사, 番|
|또||also, again, too||adverb 부사|
|회||raw fish||noun 명사|
Adverbs tell us how, when, where, why, and how much. Examples: now, too, then, not, already, again, always, yesterday, almost, why, and here.
V = active verb stem
A = descriptive verb stem
S = active or descriptive verb stem
KDA Class 13 – Verb conjugation
|놀다||to play||놀아요||놀았어요||놀 거예요|
|싫다||to not like/hate||싫어요||싫었어요||싫을 거예요|
|싫어하다||to not like/hate||싫어해요||싫어했어요||싫어할 거예요|
|요리하다||to cook||요리해요||요리했어요||요리할 거예요|
|보다||to see||봐요||봤어요||볼 거예요|
|먹다||to eat||먹어요||먹었어요||먹을 거예요|
There are other KDA resources available under Flashcards and Reference menus on Hanguk Babble. For example, KDA vocabulary and a weekly study plan. My KNotes are just one student’s incomplete understanding as I struggled to learn, but you are welcome to read them if you find them helpful. Please let me know if you find any errors. I am particularly prone to reversing letters as I am dyslexic.
Your best bet for reference is always the materials provided from Korean Digital Academy.
Class 12 and Hada Verbs
Here is vocabulary that was covered in class 12.
|좋아하다||to like||transitive verb [타동사]|
|공부||study||noun 명사, 工夫|
|공부하다||to study||action verb 동사|
|수영||swim||noun 명사, 水泳|
|수영하다||to swim||verb 동사|
|노래||song, music||noun 명사|
|노래하다||to sing||verb 동사|
|사랑하다||to love||verb 동사|
|일||일1 work, labor, task||noun 명사|
|일||일2 one (1)||number 수사, 一|
|일||일3 day (날)||noun 명사, 日|
|일하다||to work||verb 동사|
|요리||cook||noun 명사, 料理|
|요리하다||to cook||verb 동사|
|잘||well, skillfully||adverb 부사 (좋게 good)|
|잘못||mistake, error||noun 명사|
|잘못하다||to make a mistake||verb 동사|
|말||말1 word, language||noun 명사|
|말||말2 horse||noun 명사|
|말||말3 unit of measure||mal (≒18 liters)|
|말||말4 end of, close of||noun 명사, 末
4월 말에 at the end of April
|말하다||to speak||verb 동사|
|행복||happiness||noun 명사 , 幸福|
|행복하다||to be happy||descriptive verb/adj 형용사|
|피곤하다||to be tired||descriptive verb/adj 형용사, 疲困|
|정직하다||to be honest||descriptive verb/adj 형용사, 正直|
|정직한 사람||an honest person||noun 명사|
|똑똑하다||to be smart||adjective 형용사|
For more information about verbs, refer to Leaves Game post where I conjugate ALL the verbs in KDA Level 1 and 2 into past, present, and future tense.
You may also find the post Verbs – an overview helpful after you have gone through classes 13 – 18 that cover verb conjugation. Take heart, there is plenty of time spent on each type of verb, and after 6 classes you will be glad to hear it switches to something completely different and you will be a pro at conjugating verbs.
Grammar [문법] explanation – Transitive vs. Intransitive verbs
Transitive verbs [타동사] are action verbs that have an object to receive that action. For example, “I like Rob” or “Rob teaches students”.
Intransitive verbs [자동사] are action verbs [동사] but unlike transitive verbs, they do not have an object receiving the action. For example, “Rob speaks” or “The student answers.”
Note that I sometimes add extra grammar notes to the material covered in KDA class. As an English major, I have an interest in the names for parts of speech as one example. I think the children’s educational site Grammaropolis is cool. Yes, I am a language geek.
Order of Basic Korean Sentence
There are four basic types of sentences in Korean. These are:
- S + N
- S + V
- S + A
- S + O + V
* S = subject, N = noun, A = adjective, O = object and V = verb.
The tense of a sentence is determined by the last part of a sentence, namely, by a noun, verb or adjective. (More precisely, a noun 명사 plus copula, action verb 동사 or descriptive verb 형용).
- S + N 저는 학생이에요 = I am a student
- S + V 저는 공부해요 = I study.
- S + A 앤은 예뻐요 = Anne is pretty.
- S + O + V 나는 사과를 먹었어요 = I ate an apple.
Parts of Speech
- noun 명사 verb 동사 adjective 형용사 adverb 부사 pronoun 대명사 determiner 관형사 interjection 감탄사 number 수사 particle 조사 conjunction 접속어
|요리 잘 해요?||Do you cook well?
|네~ 요리 잘 해요||Yes, I cook well|
|요리 잘 못해요||I don’t cook well|
|잘||well, skillfully, easily, often|
|못 + V||can not|
|할 수 + V||can|
|나는 요리할 수 있어요.||I can cook.|
|나는 요리할 수 없습니다.||I am not able to cook.|
|안 + V||don’t|
|저는 요리 안 해요||I don’t cook.|
|V-지 + 못하다||don’t|
|저는 요리하는 것을 좋아해요!||I like cooking!|
|하고 싶어요||I want to|
|저는 요리하고 싶어요.||I want to cook.|
|저는 요리하고 싶지 않아요.||I don’t want to cook.|
|나는 어떻게 요리하는지 모른다||I don’t know how to cook.|
|요리할 거예요.||I will cook. (future tense)|
|요리했어요.||I cooked. (past tense)|
|해 봤어요||to have done|
|요리해 봤어요||I have cooked.|
|해야 돼요||to have to|
|요리해야 돼요||I have to cook.|
|요리했는데 맛 없었어요||I cooked but it didn’t taste good.|
|잘 했어요 ~!||Good job! (You did well)|