KNote 13

Class 13

Topics covered in Korean Digital Academy Class 13.

  • Review of KDA Class 12.  Vocabulary, conjugation of hada verb, do you do something well?
  • Adverb 또


  • __

These are notes I’ve taken on class 13.  It covers __

KDA Class 13 – Level 2


Korean English Part of Speech
놀다  to play   verb  동사 
싫다  to not like/hate   verb  동사 
싫어하다  to not like/hate   verb  동사 
요리하다  to cook   verb  동사 
보다  to see   verb  동사 
먹다  to eat   verb  동사 
house  noun  명
주말 weekend  noun  명
이번 this (time)  adverb 부사, 番
also, again, too  adverb 부사 
raw fish noun  명


Adverbs tell us how, when, where, why, and how much.  Examples:  now, too, then, not, already, again, always, yesterday, almost, why, and here.





fwhatareyoudoing fthisweekend fwherestudyhome  exercise effort think sing promise smart  fkwork fklike2 happy honest swimlove work  studydislike cook like kiss tired


Particle English Pattern


Korean English Adverbs

V = active verb stem
A = descriptive verb stem
S = active or descriptive verb stem


KDA Class 13 – Verb conjugation

Verb English Present Past Future
놀다  to play 놀아요 놀았어요 놀 거예요
싫다  to not like/hate 싫어요 싫었어요 싫을 거예요
싫어하다  to not like/hate 싫어해요 싫어했어요 싫어할 거예요
요리하다  to cook 요리해요 요리했어요 요리할 거예요
보다  to see 봐요 봤어요 볼 거예요
먹다  to eat 먹어요 먹었어요  먹을 거예요


Related posts

There are other KDA resources available under Flashcards and Reference menus on Hanguk Babble. For example, KDA vocabulary and a weekly study plan.  My KNotes are just one student’s incomplete understanding as I struggled to learn, but you are welcome to read them if you find them helpful.  Please let me know if you find any errors.  I am particularly prone to reversing letters as I am dyslexic.

Your best bet for reference is always the materials provided from Korean Digital Academy.


Class 12 and Hada Verbs

Here is vocabulary that was covered in class 12.

Verb English
좋아하다  to like transitive verb [타동사]
공부  study noun  명사,  工夫  
공부하다  to study action verb  동사 
수영  swim noun  명사,  水泳 
수영하다  to swim verb  동사 
노래  song, music noun  명사
노래하다  to sing verb  동사 
사랑  love noun  명사 
사랑하다  to love verb  동사 
 1 work, labor, task noun  명사 
 2 one (1) number 수사,  一 
 3 day (날) noun  명사, 日 
일하다  to work verb  동사 
요리  cook noun  명사, 料理  
요리하다  to cook verb  동사 
well, skillfully adverb 부사 (좋게 good)
잘못 mistake, error noun  명사
잘못하다 to make a mistake verb  동사 
1 word, language noun  명사
2 horse noun  명사
3  unit of measure mal (≒18 liters)
4 end of, close of noun  명사,  末

4월 에  at the end of April

말하다  to speak  verb  동사 
행복  happiness  noun  명사 ,  幸福
행복하다  to be happy  descriptive verb/adj 형용사 
행복한  happy  adjective 
피곤하다  to be tired  descriptive verb/adj 형용사,   疲困
피곤한  tired  adjective
정직하다  to be honest  descriptive verb/adj 형용사,   正直
정직한  honest  adjective
정직한 사람  an honest person  noun  명사 
정직하게  honestly  adverb 부사 
똑똑하다  to be smart  adjective 형용사 

For more information about verbs, refer to Leaves Game post where I conjugate ALL the verbs in KDA Level 1 and 2 into past, present, and future tense.

You may also find the post Verbs – an overview helpful after you have gone through classes 13 – 18 that cover verb conjugation. Take heart, there is plenty of time spent on each type of verb, and after 6 classes you will be glad to hear it switches to something completely different and you will be a pro at conjugating verbs.

hasida verb

hagosipda to want to do something



Grammar [문법]  explanation – Transitive vs. Intransitive verbs

Transitive verbs [타동사]  are action verbs that have an object to receive that action. For example, “I like Rob” or “Rob teaches students”.

Intransitive verbs [자동사] are action verbs [동사] but unlike transitive verbs, they do not have an object receiving the action. For example, “Rob speaks” or “The student answers.”

Note that I sometimes add extra grammar notes to the material covered in KDA class. As an English major, I have an interest in the names for parts of speech as one example.  I think the children’s educational site Grammaropolis is cool.  Yes, I am a language geek.


Order of Basic Korean Sentence

There are four basic types of sentences in Korean. These are:

  • S + N
  • S + V
  • S + A
  • S + O + V

* S = subject, N = noun, A = adjective, O = object and V = verb.

The tense of a sentence is determined by the last part of a sentence, namely, by a noun, verb or adjective. (More precisely, a noun 명사 plus copula, action verb 동사 or descriptive verb 형용).

  • S + N 저는 학생이에요 = I am a student
  • S + V 저는 공부해요 = I study.
  • S + A 앤은 예뻐요 = Anne is pretty.
  • S + O + V 나는 사과를 먹었어요 = I ate an apple.

Parts of Speech

  • noun  명사 verb  동사 adjective 형용사 adverb 부사 pronoun  대명사 determiner 관형사 interjection 감탄사 number 수사 particle 조사 conjunction  접속어 


Korean English
요리  잘  해요? Do you cook well?
noun잘 verb
네~ Yes
네~ 요리 잘 해요 Yes, I cook well
아뇨~ No
요리 잘 못해요 I don’t cook well
well, skillfully, easily, often
못 + V can not
할 수 +  V can
나는 요리할 수 있어요. I can cook.
나는 요리할 수 없습니다. I am not able to cook.
안 +  V don’t
저는 요리 안 해요 I don’t cook.
 V-지 + 못하다 don’t
저는 요리하는 것을 좋아해요! I like cooking!
하고 싶어요 I want to
저는 요리하고 싶어요. I want to cook.
저는 요리하고 싶지 않아요. I don’t want to cook.
나는 어떻게 요리하는지 모른다 I don’t know how to cook.
요리할 거예요. I will cook.  (future tense)
요리했어요. I cooked.  (past tense)
 해 봤어요 to have done
요리해 봤어요 I have cooked.
해야 돼요 to have to
요리해야 돼요 I have to cook.
요리했는데 맛 없었어요 I cooked but it didn’t taste good.
잘 했어요 ~! Good job! (You did well)

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