Topics covered in Korean Digital Academy Class 15.
- conjugating “ㅏ” verbs
- “to” a person ~한테
- how to say “so”, “because” 그래서 and ~서
- combination verbs with ~고
- ~러 purpose of what you do
- adverbs yesterday, every day, how, quickly
- conjugate “ㅏ” verbs
- sentence practice in all three levels with use of 저 and 나 pronouns
- answer because ~서
- answer for the purpose ~러
- list three verbs with “and” ~고
These are notes I’ve taken on class 15 . It covers ㅏ verbs.
- end in vowel
- end in consonant
- end in ㄹ
I sit on the bike I received for Christmas.
I know they will sell me a ticket so I can fly to where my grandmother lives.
|Korean||English||Part of Speech|
|앉다||to sit||action verb 동사|
|받다||to receive||action verb|
|알다||to know||action verb|
|팔다||to sell||action verb|
|살다||to live||action verb|
|일어나다||to wake up||action verb|
|만나다||to meet||action verb|
|가다||to go||action verb|
|나가다||to go out||action verb|
|택시 타고 가다||to take a taxi||action verb|
|스키 타다||to ski||action verb|
|놀러 나가다||to go out to play||action verb|
|타다||to ride||action verb|
|사다||to buy||action verb|
|심심하다||to be bored||desc. verb 형용사|
|편지||letter 便紙·片紙||noun 명사|
|매일||every day 每日||adverb|
|어똫게||how, what should I do?||adverb|
Parts of Speech
- noun 명사 action verb 동사 descriptive verb/adjective 형용사 adverb 부사 pronoun 대명사 determiner 관형사 interjection 감탄사 number 수사 particle 조사 conjunction 접속어
Because I didn’t keep good track of when certain grammar structures were taught, the following will probably include more than was covered in the video, but the grammar is used in the reading.
|~한테||to (in speech)||N (person, animal) + 한테|
|~한테서||from (in speech)||N (person, animal) + 한테서|
|~에||“at”, “to”, “in” (time, direction, location)||N + 에|
|~에서||“at”, “in”, “on” (location), “from” (starting point)||N + 에서|
|~(으)로||“to”,”into”,”with”,”by” (direction, change, means)||Nc + 으로 / Nv or ㄹ + 로|
|~의||“of” (possessive)||N + 의|
|~하고||“and”, “with” (in speech)||N + 하고|
|~만||“only”, “just”||N + 만|
|~부터||“from”||N + 부터|
|~까기||“until”||N + 까기|
– 조곰 있다가 what kind of conjugation is 있다가?
– 여기 , 저기 here, there
– 빨리 is adverb quickly. 빠르다 is verb to be fast.
|Korean||English||어미 ending of a word|
connective ending relationship between events
in order to …
| Sㅏㅗ + 아서
가서, 팔아서Srest +어서S하 + 해서
|~고||“and”and then||A/V + 고Ex: 택시 타고 가다|
|~러||expresses going or coming to a place to perform an action|| V + (으)러 가다/오다Sv or ㄹ + 러
Sc + 으러자러 가요 to go to sleep
먹으러 와요 to come to eat
|못||lack of ability or not according to plan|| 못 V-아/어요
못 타요V-지 못해요
|안||not|| 안 A/V-아/어요
안 가요A/V-지 않아요
가지 않아요N 안 하다 (between noun & 하다)
|수||ability or possibility|| V-(으)ㄹ 수 있다/없다
갈 수 없어요
받을 수 있어요
살 수 있어요
|잘||knows how or has ability to do something well||V-(으)ㄹ 잘 알다/모르다|
V = active verb stem
A = descriptive verb stem
S = active or descriptive verb stem
KDA Class 15 – “아” – vowel contraction [ㅏ ㅏ -> ㅏ]
|일어나다||to wake up||일어나요||일어났어요||일어날 거예요|
|알다||to know||알아요||알았어요||알 거예요|
|만나다||to meet||만나요||만났어요||만날 거예요|
|앉다||to sit||앉아요||앉았어요||앉을 거예요|
|가다||to go||가요||갔어요||갈 거예요|
|나가다||to go out||나가요||나갔어요||나갈 거예요|
|택시 타고 가다||to take a taxi||택시 타고 가요||택시 타고 갔어요||택시 타고 갈 거예요|
|스키 타다||to ski||스키 타요||스키 탔어요||스키 탈 거예요|
|받다||to receive||받아요||받았어요||받을 거예요|
|살다||to live||살아요||살았어요||살 거예요|
|사다||to buy||사요||샀어요||살 거예요|
|팔다||to sell||팔아요||팔았어요||팔 거예요|
|심심하다||to be bored||심심해요||심심했어요||심심할 거예요|
Exercises from Video #15 F
- Given a verb, conjugate into the honorific (세요) and common (요) levels.
- to get up, to know, to sit, to go, to ride, to receive, to live
- Ask a question in the honorific and then repeat in the common level. Answer question.
- Where do you live?
- Where are you going?
- Ask and respond in both levels to questions in the form “Do you __ well?”
- Do you ski well?
- Yes, I ski well. No, I do not ski well. 잘 __ / 잘 못 __
- Do you rollerblade well?
- I used to be able to rollerblade well. 잘 탔었어요.
Pronouns were covered earlier in KDA classes, but I forgot them, so here is a review.
Singular Personal Pronouns
|2nd person||너||~ 씨|
|3rd person||그 사람||그 분|
Plural Personal Pronouns
|3rd person||그 사람들||그 분들|
Possessive Personal Pronouns
|3rd person||네||~씨 (의)|
Do you know him? Discussion with teacher about this sentences
피터씨는 저 남자를 알아요?
Do you know Peter?
My confusion stemmed from not remembering that 저 has two meanings. I looked at the sentence and saw
Peter I man know” instead of “Peter, that man, do you know?” This is two words together that are the object (저 남자)를.
‘저’ has two meanings.
1. 저: I, in a polite way
2. 저: that (이/그/저)
저 남자 that man
그 남자 the man
이 남자 this man
밥 먹었어요? Did you eat?
네, 먹었어요. Yes, I ate.
뭐 먹었어요? What did you eat?
____ 먹있었어요. I ate ___
안 매웠어요? not spicy?
조금 a little
아니오, 안 먹었어요. No, I did not eat
배고파요? Aren’t you hungry?
주말에 뭐했어요? what did you do this weekend?
지금 (now) 이제부터 (from now on)
지금 봄이에요. It’s Spring now.
이제 봄이에요. Now that winter is over, Spring begins!
이제 뭘 할까? What shall we do now? 이제 알겠다 Now I understand
Seasons: 봄 spring 여름 summer 가을 – autumn 겨울 winter
날씨가 어때요? What’s the weather like?
cloudy 흐려요 cold 추워요 fine 맑아요 hot 더워요 humid 습해요 sunny 해나요 warm 따듯해요 windy 바람 불어요 it’s raining 비가 오고 있어요 snowing 눈이 오고 있어요 freezing 얼어 붙어요
Questions and Answers – How to Cheat because you know what the teacher will ask
Where do you live? 어디에서 살아요? ___에서 살아요
What time did you get up today? 오늘 몇 시에 일어났어요?
(korean number) 시에 일어났어요.
~하러 가요 Practice to go with the ‘purpose’ of doing something
Ex: to sleep – 자다 자러 가요.
to drink, to eat, to buy
Where are you going? 어디 가요?
To meet a friend 친구 만나러 가요.
To watch a movie 영화(를) 보러 가요
To study 공부하러 가요.
structure ~해서 가요, meaning to “______ SO I’m going”.
해서- because 가요 -going
because I’m hungry, I’m going 배고파서 가요
because I study, my head hurts 공부해서 머리 아파요.
Where are you going?어디 가요?
I’m going home 집에 가요.
Why (are you going)?왜 가요?
Because I’m tired피곤해서 가요.
because I’m bored,
cause I have no money돈 없어서 가요.
because this is no fun
How (are you getting home)?어떻게 가요?
I’m taking a taxi 택시 타고 가요.
I’m taking a bus, 버스 타고 가요.
I’m just walking 걸어서 가요.
I’m driving 운전하고 가요.
to walk somewhere = 걸어 가다
to drive somewhere = 운전하고 가다
지내요 = to pass time
날마다 = every day
끝나다 – to finish
What do you do every day? (name 3 things) practice putting verbs with ~고.
날마다 뭐 하고 지내요? say “I ___ and…
하러 – purpose 가요 – going
해서 – because가요 – going
Post class thoughts 1/6/2015
Here is the post about weekend that has my head all muddled when ever that question comes up.
지난 주말에 뭐 했어요? What did you do last weekend? (past)
이번 주말에 뭐 할 거예요? What are you going to do this weekend? (future)
I have taken the KDA Level 2 twice. I can say that the second class is more advanced than the first class was. There is WAY more casual conversation, which is the point of the KDA classes. I am participating in a limited fashion. A little better than pulling teeth, but still incredibly slow to think through assembling a sentence.
You would think I would get a clue and prepare better. Class started with us being asked to introduce ourselves. Now come on, I should have that down pat, right? Not so much. I need to work on my introduction. I when Joonhee asked for introductions, I had a minute or two for preparation because someone else started. I grabbed a piece of paper and started trying to write out the sentences to say.
나는 Massachusetts에서 서른 년 살아요. I live in Massachusetts 30 years. Or should that be past tense 살았어요? Then I switch to English and say my ancestors have lived in Massachusetts for 400 years. 사백. One sentence, the extent of my small talk for the day. Haha
I noticed that even when I am managing to assemble sentences, I must be pronouncing them so bad that my fellow classmates can’t make out what I am trying to say.
I’m still the “slowest” in the class, but I am handling it better than last time through, so I am content with my effort. How do the other students do it? I am amazed with their abilities. (I know, I should not compare. It is just obvious. Even with what I considered to be a good amount of preparation and practice for this class, I still am slow when I get “on stage” and have to speak.)
I have learned to take advantage of seeing what is coming and using that precious lead time to assemble my sentences.
On the plus side, I knew everything we covered today. I had watched the videos, read the reading, written it out by hand and sought out the grammar structures, understood the verb conjugation, had the vocabulary memorized. It is just pulling it altogether to make sentences that is still tough. Some times, a slide will come up, I am asked to speak, and I just go blank. I have no idea how to make the sentence in front of me.
I hate to be slow and think out loud (the verb is ___ and I know I need to have __ grammar structure and I am speaking in the common level and I know the word order and the conjugation … hmm, changed form plus 어요 now how do I need to change the pronunciation … ah, ok, so now how do I put it all together, ok, go for it!) I can get there S-L-O-W-L-Y but will anyone still be listening by the time I do? haha
Korean is still a juggling act with all the things in my head. I am quite overwhelmed by it at times. I still end my one hour class completely drained. It isn’t that the class is bad, it is just that I don’t concentrate that hard often, and it is taxing.
One point that was a revelation to me was 무슨 is used as an adjective and 뭐 is a noun. Both mean what, but are used differently. This difference has always puzzled me. I will have to look into it further, but perhaps this light bulb moment will help me to finally understand.
무슨 요리 좋아해요?
I know we’ve learned so many things today, so let me summarize today’s lesson.
1) ㅏ verb conjugations /e.g.살다->살아요
2) unchanged[v] + 러/으러: purpose of doing. /e.g. 먹으러 가요.go “to eat”
3) changed[v/adj] + 서: v/adj, so /e.g.피곤해서 집에 가요. I am tired, so I am going home.
*fyi, the “서” above is from “그래서(so, therefore)”
For more details, please check the slides attached, and feel free to ask any questions if you have.