KNote 17

Class 17

Topics covered in Korean Digital Academy Class #17 – Nuts and bolts (part 4) ㅓ & ㅡ verbs

  • conjugation of ㅓ & ㅡ verbs
  • future tense
  • to have to / should
  • to have done
  • irregular verb 듣다 to listen
  • 더 ‘more’ and 다 ‘all’
  • food question and answers


  • review many of the verbs learned so far with unchanged and changed forms
  • future tense conjugation 할 거예요
  • to have to ~하야 돼요 / ~하야 하다
  • to have done ~해 봤어요

These are notes I’ve taken on class 17 .

Korean English Part of Speech
 쓰다 – to write
– (맛이) bitter
– wear, put on (hat)
– use
– get a gravesite and bury sb
 verb  동사
듣다 hear, listen (to)
have an effect (on), work (for), act (on)
 verb  동사
먹다 to eat  verb  동사
들다/드세요 eat (formal)  verb  동사
마시다 to drink, sip soup  verb  동사
배 부리다 to be hungry  adjective 형용사
 크다  to be big (size)  adjective 형용사
그러면  then, if so (그럼)  adverb?
어떤  what, which (among many)
음악  music 音樂  noun  명
아침  morning, breakfast  noun  명
 all In English,  “all”
can be adjective,
adverb, noun, or pronoun
more In English,  “more”
can be adjective,
adverb, noun, or pronoun
마음 mind noun  명
energy, strength  noun  명
(number of) times, tries

 What part of speech is ‘more’?

Adjective, when modifying a noun:
Give me more potato chips.

Adverb when modifying an adjective:
These flowers are more beautiful than those.

Pronoun when standing alone, representing a noun:
I want more.
More is not always better.

I noticed that some times 쓰다 is an action verb  동사 (to write, to wear hat on head) and some times  쓰다 is a descriptive verb 형용사 (to be bitter).  So I wondered when you are making a noun modifier, is the same verb handled two ways?  For example, in present tense V-는, A-ㄴ  for 쓰는, 쓴 ?  Answer is yes.


I got confused when trying to figure out the infinitive of 드세요, the formal way of saying “eat”.  들다 plus the respectful “시” attachment becomes 드시다 which conjugates to  드세요.  I only knew 들다 as ‘to enter’, ‘to hold’, ‘to take’, and was missing it’s other meaning ‘to eat’ (formal).


astrohal astroHal_vs_Alienftallfwhatsomething


fhave-you-eatenfNot-YetFDo You likeflikefoodfenjoyfhelp yourselffforkffull


[I don’t feel like I know the grammar well enough to write it down.  Still struggling.  Want to get back to fully documenting what was taught in Class 17, but look, here come Class 18 and if I spend too much time looking back, I will fall behind.  So … later, dude!  I hope to come back to finish my notes another day.]


Particle English Pattern
  -(으)면 means “if” or “in case”


Korean English
~ㄹ/을 거예요 Future tense V(stem)+ ㄹ/을 것이다 (거예요)
~하야 돼요  to have to  하야 돼요 / ~하야 하다
 ~ㄹ때  when  할때

V = active verb stem
A = descriptive verb stem
S = active or descriptive verb stem


KDA Class 17 “ㅡ” –  vowel contraction [ㅡ ㅓ -> ㅓ]

Verb English Present Past Future
 쓰다 to writeto be bitterto wear on head  써요  썼어요 쓸 거예요
 듣다 * to listen  들어요 들었어요  거예요
 먹다 to eat 먹어요 먹었어요  먹을 거예요
 배 부르다 to be full  배 불러요 배 불렀어요 배 부를 거예요
 크다 to be big  커요  컸어요  클 거예요

* 불규칙 동사 (irregular verb)




Irregular conjugations

There are some verb with their own little quirks that have snuck in.  Mastering Conversation Korean classifies irregular verbs/adjectives whose stem ends with:

Here is the rule for my “amazing disappearing ㅂ“.  Stems of irregular verbs lose the final ㅅ or ㅂ when attached to endings that begin with a vowel.


  • drop ㅅ:  붓다  ‘to pour’, 붓 + 은 -> 부은
  • drop ㅂ: 돕다  ‘to help’, 돕 + 오 + 아요 -> 도와요
  • replace ㄷ with ㄹ: 듣다  ‘to hear’, 듣 + ㄹ + 어요 -> 들어요
  • 르 remove ㅡ add ㄹ: 자르다  ‘to cut’, 자르 + ㄹ + 아요 -> 잘라요
  • adjectives drop ㅎ : 이렇다  ‘like this’, 이렇 + + 어요 -> 이래요



Related posts

Future tense and AstroHal
KDA Class 17 – day before class jitters


Video 17h – A sample conversation about food

밥 먹었어요?  Have you eaten?

네, 먹었어요.  Yes, I ate.

뭘 먹었어요?  What did you eat?

김치하고 밥 먹었어요.  [김치 밥 먹었어요.] I ate kimchi and rice.

어디서 먹었어요?  Where did you eat?

학교에 먹었어요. I ate at the school.

몇시에 먹었어요? What time did you eat?

열시 십분 이에요.  10:10.

누구랑 먹었어요?  Who did you eat with?

내 친구랑 밥  먹었어요. I ate with friends.

밥 먹었어요?  Have you eaten?

아직 안  먹었어요. I haven’t eaten yet.

그래? Really?

여기 끝나고 나서 집에 가서 먹을 거예요.

뭘 먹을래?  What do you want to eat?

밥이랑 고추랑이랑  깁이랑 먹을 거예요.

냉명 먹어 봤어요?  Have you eaten naegmyeong?

아직 안  먹어 봤어요.  Not yet.

맛있어요. Delicious.

닭갈비 먹어 봤어요? Have you eaten chicken galbi?

그래, 닭갈비 먹어 봤어요.  Yes, I have eaten chicken galbi.

김밥 나라에서 먹어 봤어요?  Have you eaten at Kimbab Country?

그렇죠.  Of course I have

마산에 가봤어요?  Have you ever been to Masan?

오디 마산? Where’s Masan?

여기와 부산 사이에 있어요.   Between here and Busan.

몇 번 가봤어요?  How many times?

한 번 가봤어요.  Once I went.

제주도에 가봤어요?  You’ve been to Jeju island?

안  가봤어요. I did not go.


Mind maps

clothe stomach

January 21, 2015.  What does it say about me as a student that Rob has to read my blog to learn that it is a day before my class and I am totally freaking out? KDA Class 17.  Dope slap again, and remind myself that the teachers at Korean Digital Academy are there to answer questions.  It is better to ask questions before class, instead of worrying at the last minute that I haven’t studied enough this week.

The question I dread the most?  “Have you watched the videos?”

Quite honestly, there is far more material in those videos than I can absorb the first time through.  I underestimated them at first, but level 2 really introduces a ton of grammar. First time through, I was just struggling to understand how to conjugate, and the rest got lost.  This time, I am see there are grammar structures, but I am still having trouble putting them together and making sentences. I have fragments.  If I am asked about how to make each fragment, I can tell you.  But that last leap of assembling them in my head to speak in full sentences is *WOW* brain overload.


I need to listen to Mat-Jib Hunters’ music and relax with a cup of tea.  🙂  Eastern Winds


Rob’s coaching this week went to my struggle with applying grammar structures and forming sentences.

  • Rob Julien

    Rob Julien

    So the part you seem stuck on – if I read that correctly – is using the new structures.

    So let’s take the “have to” structure…

     What is that structure?
  • Julia Reidy

    해야 돼요


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