Topics covered in Korean Digital Academy Class 21.
- Descriptive phrases (In English, who or that clauses)
- Example: the man who is dancing over there 저기서 춤 추는 남자
- Adjective phrases
- Example: living in Korea 한국에서 산게
- ~게 (contracted form of 것 + 이)
- Compare and contrast sentences
- to become
- ‘sometimes’ 가끔씩 frequency adverb
- What do you want to be? Use of ‘to become’
- I want to be a … ‘to want’ grammar structure
- I am going to be … future tense
- I am going to become a person who … descriptive phrases
- What do you prefer, A or B? compare two things
These are notes I’ve taken on class 21 . It covers descriptive phrases. Note that I struggled with this concept, even though the actual grammar isn’t hard. This may be unclear. Please refer to Korean Digital Academy materials or ask the teachers questions. The sentence diagramming is all mine – it is what USA kids of my generation were raised on. You do not need to grasp the English terminology as long as you can do it in Korean.
|Korean||English||Part of Speech|
|믿다||to believe/trust||action verb 동사|
|무섭다||to be scary||descriptive verb 형용사|
|약속 지키다||to keep a promise||action verb 동사|
|약속 잘 지키는||to be reliable|
|해야 돼요||to have to do|
|편하다||to be comfortable||descriptive verb 형용사|
|어떤||what kind of|
|공주병||princess syndrome||noun 명사|
|지키다||to safeguard, preserve||verb 동사|
|(~에서) ~이 되다||turn (from something) into something|
|~이/가 도고 싶어||want to become|
|(clause)는 noun||adjective/descriptive phrase|
|(clause)는게(~에서) 사는게||adverb phraseliving in ~|
별로 좋지 않네요. That’s not very good
Asking question – which do you prefer?
Diagramming descriptive phrases
This week’s descriptive phrases had me puzzling hard to get my brain to wrap around them.
How is living in Korea?
한국에서 사는게 어때요?
[Note: I don’t guarantee I have the English sentence diagrams correct. My best attempt to recall something learned in middle school.]
It has both 는 and 게 attached to 사. The whole question is a bit of a struggle for me. For now, I accept that is does not click, and hope I will understand later.
Rob: don’t think of 어때요 as only ‘how’, think of it as “How is…”, or if you’re making a suggestion, “How about…?”
People who live in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones.
유리집에서 사는 사람들
(glass house in live) people
Perhaps I need to think of the descriptive clause as it’s own separate part and figure that first, then try to put it into the sentence. Just as in a sentence diagram, the who clause is diagrammed and then connected to the thing it is describing. In this case “who live in glass houses” describes “people”.
glass house living people.
Glass house living people should not throw stones.
He gave flowers to the nurse who saved his life.
the nurse who saved his life
얘를 살려준 간호사 [살리다 – save (sb from sth)]
(save life giving) nurse
That woman who just left the room will be president.
방금 방을 나간 여자 [방금 just 방 room 나가다 to go out, to leave]
The woman who just left the room
just (room leaving woman)
The car that he bought was more expensive than mine.
얘가 산 차 the car that he bought
he bought car
얘가 산 차
얘를 살려준 간호사
나한테 잘 해주는 남자
유리집에서 사는 사람들
Not part of KDA class, but Ryan asked me if I understood 얘 and then provided this explanation.
얘 & 쟤 / 이 사람 , 저 사람 & 그 사람
얘 : someone who younger than you and next you so you can call or point with finger or someone in the picture
쟤 : someone who younger than you and near you or someone in the picture.
이 사람 : someone in the picture when you point with your finger.
저 사람 : someone who near you when you point with your finger.
그 사람 : someone who in your memory