KNote 24

Class 24

Topics covered in Korean Digital Academy Class 24.

  • 고 repeat statements (declarative)
  • 고 repeat questions (interrogative)
  •   Do it.  command (imperative present tense)
  • 고 I said do it.
  • 니까 I told you to do it!
  • 고요? repeat affirmative imperative
  • 고요? repeat negative imperative
  • 고요? repeat affirmative proposition
  • 고요? repeat negative proposition

Goals

  • Repeat questions and statements
  • Review the grammar structures used in past 3 classes

These are notes I’ve taken on class 24 .  It covers repeating questions and statements.

Korean English Part of Speech
 숙제 homework  noun  명사 
 다  all  adverb 부사 
 만지다  to touch  verb  동사 
 떡 rice cake  noun  명사 
 벌써 already  adverb 부사 
 부르다 to call  verb  동사 
 생각하다 to think  verb  동사 

 

FLASHCARDS

Commandwhat_did_you_say_by_miyukiiichan-d3ldnntpaidalreadysingasong

class24repeat

 

24-4 24-3 24-2 24-1

피곤하시니까 집에 가요.  Because I am tired, I am going home.  “니까” serves as ‘because’ in this sentence.

 

GRAMMAR

Korean English
 하냐고 repeat questions
 한다고 repeat answers
 해라 command (imperative)
 해라고
해라니까
 했냐고  repeat question past tense Did you ask …?
 했다고  repeat statements past tense Did you state …?
고요?  repeat affirmative imperative Did you say do it?
고요?  repeat negative imperative Did you say not do it?
고요?  repeat affirmative proposition Did you say let’s
고요?  repeat neg proposition Did you say let’s not

 

For a complete explanation, refer to “Korean Grammar In Use: Intermediate” page 94 – 95.  -다고요? expression is used when asking clarification or reconfirmation of what another person has just said.  The form of the expression depends on the original statement’s form.  Was the original statement in past, present, or future tense?  Was the original a declarative, interrogative, propositive, or imperative sentence?  Did the original use a descriptive or action verb (A or V)?

Sentences: 과거 Past, 현재 Present, 미래 Future, 추측 Supposition, 긍정 Affirmation, 부정 Negation

Declarative – 다 Question – 냐 Proposition – 자  Command -라 Negation – 지 말

  • Simple present tense covers  habitual activities, facts: I get up at 9 o’clock every day.
  • Past tense:  I got up.
  • Present continuous is happening now: I am getting up.

sunrise

So in a textbook, a fact stated in the present tense can get that extra ㄴ added to the verb.  It also can be added in a casual setting when you are speaking about something you are just about to do (I’m going now. 간다)

One thing I tend to forget in Korean is those cases where you need to add in an extra bit to the conjugation.  For example, repeating a statement future -(으)ㄹ 거라고요, present -(느)ㄴ다라고,  past -었다고요.  future 먹을 거라고요, present 먹는다고요, past 먹었다고요.  Obviously, if you have 먹 then you need to add 을 to make it pronounceable.  Likewise, if you have  먹 then you need to add 는.  It makes sense when I think it through, but not always when I am trying to quickly type in chat or email.

Email from teacher Chung:

Let me answer the question you had last night.

Question confirmation

-present: 하냐고(요)? ;unchanged+냐고
-past:했냐고(요)?  ;past+냐고
Statement confirmation
-present: 한다고요?  ;unchanged+는/ㄴ다고
-past: 했다고요?  ;past+다고
e.g.1. 먹다 (to eat)
A: 아침 몇 시에 먹어요? B: 아침 몇 시에 먹냐고요?
A: 아침 몇 시에 먹었어요? B: 아침 몇 시에 먹었냐고요?
A: 아침 9시에 먹어요. B: 아침 9시에 먹는다고요?
A: 아침 9시에 먹었어요. 아침 9시에 먹었다고요?
e.g.2 일어나다 (to get up)
A: 아침 몇 시에 일어나요? B: 아침 몇 시에 일어나냐고요?
A: 아침 몇 시에 일어났어요? B: 아침 몇 시에 일어났냐고요?
A: 아침 9시에 일어나요. B: 아침 9시에 일어난다고요?
A: 아침 9시에 일어났어요. 아침 9시에 일어났다고요?
Hope this helps!
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