Topics covered in Korean Digital Academy Class 24.
- 한다고 repeat statements (declarative)
- 하냐고 repeat questions (interrogative)
- 해라 Do it. command (imperative present tense)
- 해라고 I said do it.
- 해라니까 I told you to do it!
- 하라고요? repeat affirmative imperative
- 하지 말라고요? repeat negative imperative
- 하자고요? repeat affirmative proposition
- 하지 말자고요? repeat negative proposition
- Repeat questions and statements
- Review the grammar structures used in past 3 classes
These are notes I’ve taken on class 24 . It covers repeating questions and statements.
|Korean||English||Part of Speech|
|만지다||to touch||verb 동사|
|떡||rice cake||noun 명사|
|부르다||to call||verb 동사|
|생각하다||to think||verb 동사|
피곤하시니까 집에 가요. Because I am tired, I am going home. “니까” serves as ‘because’ in this sentence.
|했냐고||repeat question past tense||Did you ask …?|
|했다고||repeat statements past tense||Did you state …?|
|하라고요?||repeat affirmative imperative||Did you say do it?|
|하지 말라고요?||repeat negative imperative||Did you say not do it?|
|하자고요?||repeat affirmative proposition||Did you say let’s|
|하지 말자고요?||repeat neg proposition||Did you say let’s not|
For a complete explanation, refer to “Korean Grammar In Use: Intermediate” page 94 – 95. -다고요? expression is used when asking clarification or reconfirmation of what another person has just said. The form of the expression depends on the original statement’s form. Was the original statement in past, present, or future tense? Was the original a declarative, interrogative, propositive, or imperative sentence? Did the original use a descriptive or action verb (A or V)?
Sentences: 과거 Past, 현재 Present, 미래 Future, 추측 Supposition, 긍정 Affirmation, 부정 Negation
Declarative – 다 Question – 냐 Proposition – 자 Command -라 Negation – 지 말
- Simple present tense covers habitual activities, facts: I get up at 9 o’clock every day.
- Past tense: I got up.
- Present continuous is happening now: I am getting up.
So in a textbook, a fact stated in the present tense can get that extra ㄴ added to the verb. It also can be added in a casual setting when you are speaking about something you are just about to do (I’m going now. 간다)
One thing I tend to forget in Korean is those cases where you need to add in an extra bit to the conjugation. For example, repeating a statement future -(으)ㄹ 거라고요, present -(느)ㄴ다라고, past -었다고요. future 먹을 거라고요, present 먹는다고요, past 먹었다고요. Obviously, if you have 먹 then you need to add 을 to make it pronounceable. Likewise, if you have 먹 then you need to add 는. It makes sense when I think it through, but not always when I am trying to quickly type in chat or email.
Email from teacher Chung: