KNote 16

Class 16

Topics covered in Korean Digital Academy Class #16 – Nuts and bolts (part 3) ㅜ verbs

  • conjugating “ㅜ” verbs
  • ㅒ is a genderless pronoun
  • 1st person singular pronouns for “I”  저, 제가, 나, 내가
  • use of when ~ㄹ때
  • 하나도 (any, not even one)
  • negative statements 못 , 안, 싫어요
  • using 좀 in sentence for politeness
  • 너무 (much, too), 아주 (very)
  • ~서, ~서 그래요
  • Do you smoke 담배 피워요?
  • Two ways to say “What’s wrong?”
  • Difference between 좋아해요  [action verb 동사] and 좋아요 [descriptive verb/adjective 형용사] in a sentence.

Goals

  • conjugate “ㅜ” verbs
  • ㅂ phonetically disappears and then becomes ㅜ in verbs 춥다, 덥다, 맵다
  • use of pronouns  ㅒ, 난, 저, 제가, 나, 내가너무, 아주
  • 너무 for negative, 아주 for positive things

These are notes I’ve taken on class 16 .  It covers “ㅜ” verbs.

Korean English Part of Speech
 배우다 to learn verb  동사
주다 to give verb  동사
담배 피우다 to smoke verb  동사
울다 to cry verb  동사
웃다 to laugh verb  동사
춤(을) 추다 to dance verb  동사
싸우다 to fight verb  동사
죽다 to die verb  동사
춥다 to be cold adjective 형용사
덥다 to be hot adjective 형용사
맵다 to be spicy adjective 형용사
어리다 to be young adjective 형용사
추운  cold noun modifier
더운  hot noun modifier
매운 spicy noun modifier
저 / 제가  I (formal) pronoun  대명사
나 / 내가 I (informal) pronoun  대명사
genderless he/she pronoun  대명사
어때요? how about?
점심  lunch noun  명
선물  gift noun  명
 snow noun  명
 rain  noun  명
날씨  weather  noun  명

 

FLASHCARDS

robclass16

spice-ily robwhatwrong koreanstyle class16work

 

[Ran out of time, didn’t finish writing documentation of particles/grammar for KDA 16. ]

‘PARTICLES

Particle English Pattern
 ~ㄹ때  when

GRAMMAR

Korean English Adverbs

V = active verb stem
A = descriptive verb stem
S = active or descriptive verb stem

 

KDA Class 16 “ㅜ” – vowel contraction [ㅜ ㅓ -> ㅝ]

Verb English Present Past Future
 배우다  to learn 배워요  배웠어요  배울 거예요
 울다  to cry  울어요  울었어요  울 거예요
 싸우다  to fight  싸워요  싸웠어요  싸울 거예요
 덥다  to be hot  더워요  더웠어요  더울 거예요
 죽다  to die  죽어요  죽었어요  죽을 거예요
 어리다  to be young 어려요  어렸어요  어릴 거예요
 주다  to give  줘요  줬어요  줄 거예요
 웃다  to laugh  웃어요  웃었어요  웃을 거예요
 맵다  to be spicy 맵다  매웠어요  매울 거예요
 춤추다  to dance 춤춰요  춤췄어요  춤출 거예요
 피우다  to smoke  피워요  피웠어요  피울 거예요
 춥다  to be cold  추워요  추웠어요  추울 거예요

 

Particles – 께/에게/한테 [Dative Particle]

The dative particle, 에게/한테, is mainly used for someone/something to whom you are giving something. 께 is a honorific form, 에게 is a formal form and 한테 is an informal form.

아버지 선물을 드렸다 = To my father, I gave a present.

아빠에게 선물을 드렸다 = To my dad, I gave a present.

(으)로부터/에게서/한테서 is used when you are receiving something from someone. Again, (으)로부터 is an honorific form, 에게서 is formal and 한테서 is informal.

엄마에게서 편지를 받았다 = From mum, I received a letter

한테서 소식을 들었다 = From older brother, I heard news

 

Joonhee notes:

1) ㅜ verb conjugations
배우다/울다/웃다/주다/담배(를) 피우다/춤(을) 추다/싸우다/죽다

2)ㅂ phonetically disappears and then becomes ㅜ
덥다 -> 더워요 (i.e.더”우”+어요)
춥다 -> 추워요
맵다 -> 매워요

3) ~changed verb + 서”요”, meaning because ~~
피곤해서요 ‘Cause I am tired
매워서요 ‘Cause it’s spicy
추워서요 ‘Cause it’s cold
(밥) 안 먹어서요 ‘Cause I haven’t eaten

 

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