Small Talk

To make small talk, I need to have ready phrases.  I need the phrases for the particular circumstances, but I do not want to have too many phrases to search through.  More is not necessarily better.  So I need to work on creating a list of “must have” phrases that I can make a minimal deck of flashcards from.  This list right now needKos both things added and removed.  As I make small talk, I want to refine this list.

Probably my custom “cheat sheet” for quick Korean phrases will be focused on what I need in chats, not in person, since all my contact with Koreans now is online.  Often, I find in texting that I know how to say something, I have heard it in dramas, but I can’t remember how to spell it.  Or I hear something, my brain is clawing at remembering the meaning of the phrase that I am sure I know.

By focusing on a small set of phrases for small talk, I want to become able to express myself quickly, even if that means cut-and-paste.  Eventually, I will want to make quick reference cards I could carry with me for studying.

The phrases can be unique to me.  I know where I live, how old I am, how many siblings I have, that I am single with no kids, etc.  These come up often when I meet someone new.  I should be able to have these sentences ready to go.

만나서 반갑습니다 Nice to meet you
나는 한국어를 배우고 있어, 그런데 아직 조금 밖에 물라요. I am learning Korean, but I only know a little.

English 한국어 (Korean)
Thank You 고맙습니다
Don’t mention it 천만에요
Sorry 미안합니다
That’s OK 괜찮아요
Hello 안녕하세요?
Excuse me (to get attention) 저기요
Excuse me (to apologize) 실례합니다
Excuse me (to pass someone) 잠시만요
Hello (on phone) 여보세요
Sleep well 잘 자요
Sweet dreams 좋은 꿈 꿔요
Goodbye (to person leaving) 안녕히 가세요
Goodbye (to person staying) 안녕히 계셰요
Get home safely 잘 가요
Have a nice day 좋은 하루 보내세요
Have a good trip! 여행 잘해요
Welcome 환영합니다
Yes
No 아니오
Maybe 아마도
Just a moment! 잠깐만요!
I feel sick 아파요
I need a doctor 의사가 필요해요
Take me to the hospital (to taxi) 병원에 가주세요

 

Everyday Korean Phrases

English 한국어 (Korean)
Where is the bathroom? 화장실 어디에 있어요?
Please repeat that 다시 말해 주세요
Please speak slowly 천천히 말해 주세요
Please write it down 적어 주세요
I understand 이해해요
I don’t understand 이해 못해요
I don’t know 몰라요
I know 알아요
Can you speak Korean? 한국말 할 수 있어요?
I can speak a little Korean 한국말 조금 할 수 있어요
I can’t speak Korean 한국말 못해요
How do you say _______ in Korean? _______이 한국말로 뭐예요?
How much is this? 이거 얼마예요?
I’ll be right back! 금방 갔다 올거예요!
What is this? 이게 뭐예요
Don’t worry! 걱정 하지 마세요!
No problem! 문제 없어요
Good 좋아요
Bad 안 좋아요
So-so 그저 그래요

Dinner Table Korean Phrases

English 한국어 (Korean)
Bon appétit 맛있게 드세요
Eat up! 많이 먹어요
I will eat well! 잘 먹겠습니다
I ate well 잘 먹었습니다
It’s delicious! 맛있어요!
It doesn’t taste good 맛없어요
I’m hungry 배고파요
I’m thirsty 목 말라요
Give me _______ please _______ 주세요
I’m a vegetarian 저는 채식주의자예요
I don’t eat meat 고기 못 먹어요
I can eat anything 다 먹을 수 있어요

 

Getting to Know You Korean Phrases

 

English 한국어 (Korean)
Nice to meet you 만나서 반가워요
What is your name? 이름이 뭐예요?
My name is _______ 제 이름은 _______이에요
Where are you from? 어디에서 왔어요?
I’m from _______ 저는 _______에서 왔어요
How old are you? 몇 살이에요?
I’m _______ years old 저는 _______살이에요
I can’t speak Korean well 한국말 잘 못해요
I’m learning Korean these days 요즘 한국말 배워요
What is your job? 직업이 뭐예요?
My job is _______ 제 직업은 _______이에요
Really? 정말요?
Where do you live? 어디에 사세요?
Are you married? 결혼했어요?
Do you like _______? _______를 좋아해요?
I like _______ _______를 좋아해요

 

Meeting Friends Korean Phrases

English 한국어 (Korean)
Long time no see 오랜만이에요
Have you eaten? (showing concern) 밥 먹었어요?
How are you? 잘 지내요?
How have you been? 잘 지냈어요?
What have you been up to? 어떻게 지냈어요?
Where shall we go? 어디에 갈까요?
Say hi to _______ for me _______한테 안부 전해 주세요
Get home safely 집에 잘 들어가요

 

Special Occasion Korean Phrases

English 한국어 (Korean)
Happy Birthday 생일 축하해요
Merry Christmas 메리 크리스마스
Happy New Year! 새해 복 많이 받으세요!
Happy Chuseok! 즐거운 추석 보내세요
Cheers! 건배!
Congratulations! 축하해요

 

Restaurant Korean Phrases

English 한국어 (Korean)
Do you have a table for 4 people? 네명 자리 있어요?
Please give me a menu 매뉴판 주세요
Do you have vegetarian dishes? 채식주의자용 식사 있어요?
Is this spicy? 이거 매워요?
Please do not make this spicy 맵지 않게 요리해 주세요
Please give me 4 orders of galbi 갈비 사인분 주세요
Please give me 1 bottle of soju 소주 한병 주세요
Please give me 3 glasses 유리잔 세개 주세요
It’s delicious! 맛있어요!
I don’t like it 맛없어요
It was a delicious meal! 잘 먹었습니다!
What time do you close? 몇시에 문 닫아요?
Do you take credit cards? 카드 돼요?

Cafe Korean Phrases

English 한국어 (Korean)
Please give me 1 hot coffee 따뜻한 아메리카노 한잔 주세요
Please give me 2 ice coffees 아이스 아메리카노 두잔 주세요
Do you have non-caffeinated drinks? 카페인 없는 음료 있어요?
I’d like to eat here 여기서 먹고 갈게요
I’d like this to go (drink only) 테이크 아웃이에요
I’d like this to go (food and drink) 포장해 주세요
Please throw away my receipt 영수증 버려 주세요
Do you have wifi here? 와이파이 있어요?
What is the wifi password? 비밀 번호 알려 주세요
Do you have electrical outlets? 콘센트 있어요?
Where are your electrical outlets? 콘센트 어디에 있어요?

Shopping Korean Phrases

English 한국어 (Korean)
Throw away the receipt 영수증 버려 주세요
Please give me a receipt 영수증 주세요
Put it in a bag 봉투에 넣어 주세요
Please give me a discount 좀 깎아 주세요
How much is it? 얼마예요?
Please give me _______ _______ 주세요
Do you have _______? _______ 있어요?
Can I pay with credit card? 카드 되요?
Please give me a refund 환불해 주세요
Please exchange this 교환해 주세요
Please wrap it for me 포장해 주세요
One-time payment 일시불
3 month installments 3개월 할부

Phone Call Korean Phrases

English 한국어 (Korean)
Hello? (on phone) 여보세요?
Who is calling please? 누구세요?
Can I speak to _______ please? _______씨와 통화 할 수 있을까요?
Just a moment please 잠시만 기다려 주세요
_______ isn’t in at the moment _______씨가 자리를 비웠어요
Should I tell _______ to call you back? _______씨에게 다시 전화하라고 할까요?
Would you like to leave a message? 메시지를 남기시겠어요?
Can I take a message? 메시지를 받을 수 있어요?
I will connect you 제가 연결해 드릴게요
Please repeat that for me 다시 말해 주세요
Please speak up a little for me 좀 더 크게 말해 주세요
I will call you back 제가 다시 걸게요
When shall I call? 언제쯤 통화가 가능할까요?

I need to add the phrases that voice mail/answering machines have.  I’ve been unable to understand things like “the person you are trying to reach is currently unavailable”.

Mobile Phone Korean Phrases:

English 한국어 (Korean)
Please charge my mobile for me 휴대폰 충전해 주세요
When can I pick up my phone? 휴대폰 언제 찾으러 올 수 있어요?

Korean Exclamations

English 한국어 (Korean)
Amazing! or Unbelievable! 대박!
What?! or Oh my god! 헐!
Yay! or Hurray! 아싸!
Oh my goodness! 아이고!
Unbelievable! or Impossible! 말도 안돼요!
Really?! 진짜요?
Ouch! 아야!

Impress the Locals Korean Phrases


Social chatting

English 한국어 (Korean)
Self-camera 셀카
Company dinner 회식
Bomb drink (i.e. boilermaker or soju bomb) 폭탄주
Soju and beer 소맥
Chimek 치맥
Membership training (retreat) 엠티
Part-time job 알바
Of course! 당근!
Starbucks 별다방
Boyfriend 남친
Girlfriend 여친
Talking about my house.

English 한국어 (Korean)
Did a package arrive for me? 소포 왔어요?
I expect a package tomorrow 내일 소포가 올거예요
My _______ is broken 내 _______ 고장났어요
My hot water doesn’t work 뜨거운 물이 안 나와요
My hot water heater is broken 보일러가 고장났어요
My sink is clogged 내 싱크대가 막혔어요
My toilet is clogged 내 변기 막혔어요
The water doesn’t work 수돗물이 안 나와요
The lights don’t work 불이 안 켜져요
The neighbors are too loud 이웃이 너무 시끄러워요
The neighbors dog keeps barking 이웃집 강아지가 계속 짖어요

Instead of these phrases, I need the ones I would use for online purchases.

Bank Korean Phrases

English 한국어 (Korean)
I need to reset my password 비밀번호 재발급 하고 싶어요
I want to send money to _______ _______에 돈 보내려고 왔어요
Can I apply for a credit card? 신용 카드 신청할 수 있어요?
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